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Lesser-Known Facts About Spain | Historical Facts About Spain

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Spain? Here is a collection of interesting and fun facts about Spain which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Spain such as culture, history, government rule, etc.

Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe, just behind France, and the fifth largest country in the whole of Europe.Spain is a democracy formed as a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. Spain is a developed country whose nominal GDP makes it the twelfth largest economy in the world, it has a very high standard of living (20th highest human development index), as of 2005 it was ranked tenth according to preference for quality of life index.It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, the OECD and the World Trade Organization.The 674-km Pyrenees mountain separates Spain from France. The language is Spanish.

General Facts About Spain

  • Total Population – 4.6 million (4.67 crores) (2018)
  • Highest mountain – Teide 3718 m
  • Total Area – 505,990 km²
  • Largest Lake – Lake Sanabria
  • National Day – 12 October
  • Currency – Euro
  • National Song – “Marcha Real”
  • Capital – Madrid

Amazing History,Facts About Spain For Tourists  and Kids

1. According to a United Nations report, Spain will be the oldest country in the world after 2050, where 40 percent of the population will be over 60 years of age. Spain ranks fourth with Australia in terms of the average life age of citizens. People live an average of 82.8 years of age. India comes at number 125 in this case.

2. In Spain, 40 percent of the businesses started in the last ten years have been started by women.

3. In the 11th century, the whole of Spain was ruled by Muslims. From 1238, many small Christian states started a war with Muslims and liberated most of Spain from Muslims within a few decades.

4. In 1502, the Spanish rule issued an order for all Muslims to become Christians, who did not accept this order was expelled from the country.

5. The highest mountain is 3,718 meters above sea level, there are more than 1000 mountains of such height in the Himalayas.

6. Most Dangerous Routes in The World

'El Caminito del Rey

The 110-year-old ‘El Caminito del Rey‘ route in the southern region of Spain is considered one of the most dangerous routes in the world. It is also known as ‘King’s Path-Way‘. It was built in the year 1905.This dangerous route was designed for laborers working in hydroelectric power plants. However, this road was closed in the year 2000, as two people fell and died.

7. The architecture of Spain is quite artistic and impressive. The buildings, magnificent churches, forts, monuments, and statues represent the culture of Spain. Antonio Gody is a famous Spanish architecture. Flamenco music and dance are world-famous, inventing the flamenco guitar in Spain.

8. Spain’s bullfight, tomato festival, dishes ‘paella’ and ‘tortilla’ and wine are very popular. But in reality, Spain is known for its art and culture. Some of the world-famous Spanish personalities in the world of art – Diaga Veláquez, Francisco de Goya, Pablo Picasso, Juan Myro, Salvador Dali, etc.

9. Spain’s tourism industry has grown in the last 4 decades and today it is the largest in the world after the USA. Spain is traditionally an agricultural country. The main products are cereals, vegetables, and fruits. Coal, lignite, iron, uranium, gypsum, tungsten, copper, lead, etc. are natural resources of Spain. Industries include chemicals, machine tools, and shipbuilding.

10. Tourists can now take a trip to Mars

Holiday website Trip Advisor has created an artificial planet on Earth for those who wish to visit Mars. An artificial planet resembling Mars has been build in the caves of northern Spain. The artificial Mars is at an elevation of 196 feet above the earth and has a 1.4 km long cave. It is claimed that the atmosphere will be exactly like Mars in the cave. Its first trial has been done.

Mars
The agency has opened it for the tourists. According to the company, the three-day fare is around $7000(Rs 4,80,000). If you want to go on an exciting journey then this journey will prove to be memorable. David Ceballos, CEO of Astroland, the company that built it, says we are working closely with Trip Advisor. I am very happy to be associated with the project because investing in space technology is also like an innovation.

11. Spain is Most Healthiest Country

The people of Spain are the most healthy. In a recent report by Bloomberg, Spain was considered the healthiest country in the world. Researchers have attributed this to the food habits of the people.They believe that people eat less fat and carbohydrate food, so they are healthier.

The reason why the Spanish people are healthy is the Mediterranean diet.Most people in European countries take the Mediterranean diet. This is also the reason for Spain being the healthiest country.
The Spaniards include olive oil and nuts in their meals. Apart from this, starchy items like bread, rice, peeled potatoes, fruits-vegetables, whole grains,dry fruits are also included in this diet.
Experts also consider the Mediterranean diet to be superior to the low-fat diet. Taking this diet also reduces the risk of breast cancer, heart attack and brain stroke to a great extent. This can prevent obesity.Let me tell you that the world’s best olive oil is produced in Spain.

12. Sexy Plants to Protect Crops

Just think that a plant attracts insects by creating sexual attraction in harmful insects and then kills them.
It may sound strange, but scientists in Spain have proved that they can produce genetic chemicals called pheromones by making genetic changes in plants.Pheromones are the same chemical materials that female worms extract to attract male insects.

The purpose of this new invention is to protect the plants from insects which are very expensive in the market. Through this technique ‘sexy plants‘ will be developed.Although pheromones are already being used to protect plants,but it is prepared in the laboratory at a very high cost.

13. An Island That Changes its Country in Every Six Months

There is a dispute between many countries of the world about the border, while there are two countries of the world who have wisely ended the years-old rivalry and made a compromise that surprises everyone. We are talking about France and Spain.The two countries have entered into an agreement under which both exchange an island at intervals of each six months.

Pheasant island

Between Spain and France, there is an island named Pheasant. The island is located on the Bidasoa River separating Spain and France.

The specialty of Pheasant Island, with an area of 300 square meters, is that Spain holds the right for six months on this island and then France holds it for the next six months. This tradition has been going on between the two countries for the last 350 years.

Pheasant is a manmade island that is completely uninhabited. Being in the middle of the border of the two countries, it is considered to be neutral territory.
In 1659, to end the war between Spain and France, there was a Peace Treaty on this island, which is called the Treaty of Pyrenees.

The treaty was concluded with a royal wedding, in which King Louis XIV of France married the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain. During this time it was decided that both countries would have equal rights on this island. The island remains under Spain’s authority from 1 February to 31 July. After this, it goes to the authority of France.

14. Most Haunted House in Spain

There are hundreds of ghost buildings all over the world, about which many stories are also heard. One such building in Spain is called Haunted House. The story of this house is very scary. Let us tell you that this haunted house is known as Cortijo Jurado.

cortijoThis house was bought and rebuilt by Malaga, one of the wealthiest families in Andalusia, Spain.It is said that this sinister house was bought for the plan of making a grand agricultural enterprise. The story of Casa Encantada begins in 1850. Since then, the shadows were seen moving around in this mysterious house.People say that serious crimes and torture have taken place inside the house because this scary house was built a long time ago.The building became known as Spain’s scariest mansion for its spooky and extraordinary activities.

However, the story behind Casa Encantada has been going on since the Heredia family. It is believed that these families along with other rich families used to kidnap girls of 18 to 21 years of age.After which the victims were raped and murdered and buried in the mansion. But no one could prove that the Heredia’s family had a hand in the crime. Now, every night, there are shouting voices from the haunted house which are said to be the same girls and they shout for justice.

15. Spain is Europe’s second-largest country with an area of 5, 5, 990 square kilometers.

16. According to the census of 2019, the estimated population of Spain is 46,434,343

17. To marry in Spain, your age should be 16 years.

18. In the case of the average age of citizens (life expectancy), Spain comes fourth with Australia. Here people have an average age of 82.8 years. India comes in 125th place in this case.

19. 40 percent of businesses started in Spain in the last ten years have been started by women.

20. Football is Spain’s most popular sport, this country won the FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2010.

21. Spain’s highest mountain is 3,718 meters high above sea level.

22. The number of Sea beaches in Spain is more than 8 thousand, to be naked in public places is not illegal in Spain.

23. Being a member of the European Union, Spain has been using the Euro as a currency since 1999.

24. Spain’s national sport is football.

25. The Rio Tinto River of Spain is so polluted, it is impossible for aquatic organisms to flourish. In the last 5000 years, it has made it so much polluted because of mining.

26. In Spain, the divorce rate is much lower than in other western countries. Here only 5% of the children live with unmarried parents.

27. Spain is the first country in Europe, which declared smoking illegal in public places.

28. More than 90% of Spanish people believe in Roman Catholicism as the branch of Christianity.

29. About five million people were killed in the Spanish Civil war War between 1936 and 1939.

30. In the 11th century, the whole of Spain was ruled by Muslims. From 1238 several small Christian states joined together to start a war with Muslims, and within a few decades, most of Spain’s territory was free from the Muslims.

31. In the year 1502, the Spanish government issued orders to all Muslims to become Christians, who did not consider this order, they were fired from the country.

32. Muslims and Spain

Islam originated in Spain in 711 AD during the reign of Arabian Bani Umayyah. Spain remained under Muslim rule until 1492 AD. After that, there was no Muslim nor any mosque left. Islam was spreading rapidly in 711 AD.

33. Grand Mosque of Granada, Spain’s only mosque

Prayer has begun in a new mosque in the Spanish city of Granada.A mosque has been built in Spain for the first time since the end of Muslim rule 500 years ago. In Spain, Spanish warriors conquered the Iberia peninsula and ended 800 years of Muslim rule.The mosque took 22 years to build and cost about 4.5 million dollars. Libya, UAE, and Morocco have given money to build the mosque.

34. Spain began using the euro as its main currency in 1999. The circulation of coins and paper notes began in 2002.

35. The cost of living in Spain is very high. People living in Spain often spend more on their living than they spend on education

36. Hockey has been part of the Olympics since 1908, but the World Cup of Hockey was first held in Spain in 1971.

37. Madinat-al-Zahra: The Most Beautiful City in The World

There is no doubt that it was the most beautiful city in the world in its era.This city, full of monuments and attractions, was located eight kilometers away from Córdoba in the province of Andalusia, Spain. And it is also a history that The history of this beautiful city is only for 70 years.

Madinat-al-Zahra
We are talking about the mythical Medina Azahara, whose Arabic name was Madina-al-Zahra, that is, ‘Shining City’.
The territories of Spain and North Africa at that time were ruled by Arab Muslims. Prince Khalifa Abdurrahman III of Al Andalus (now the Andalusia province of Spain) settled his capital in 936, west of Córdoba, on the banks of the Guadalquivir River.

  • The city built in ten years
    The city was named Madina-al-Zahra. This city was built within ten years. In 945, the Khalifa court also came here.
  • Unprecedented wealth was spent to build this new capital. According to some sources, ten thousand workers worked in the construction of the city. 6000 stones were planted daily. 1500 donkeys and mules were used to carry goods.
  • The best craftsmen of that era were employed in carving who neatly made the walls, columns, and streets of the city.
  • This city came back into existence when the excavation took place in 1911. This magical city started to shine again.
  • According to an estimate, only 11 percent of the city of that period has been revealed. In the year 2018, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site.

38.Tomato Battle

In Spain, there is a festival called ‘Tomato battle’, in which people throw tomatoes on each other.La Tomatina is a very big and famous festival in Spain and is considered to be the biggest food fight in the world. It is held every August, and people throw more than 150,000 tomatoes every year.

Tomato Battle
Tomato Fight is the most popular festival. Approximately 250,000 pounds of tomatoes are used in it. During the festival, people fiercely attack each other with tomatoes.People from all over the world are involved

  • This festival is celebrated in Spain every year on the last Wednesday of August.
  • People from all corners of the world attend this festival.
  • Due to their number in millions, the ticket system has now been started.
  • In the year 2002, it was declared as the Festivity of International Tourist Interest.

That’s how it started
It started in 1945 when some youths were protesting in the Spanish city. When the police proceeded to stop them, the youth attacked them by picking vegetables and fruits from the nearby vegetable shops. Since then, ‘La Tomatina‘ started being celebrated as a food fight.

39.Unique National Anthem

The national anthem of this country played like the marching tune of the military. Later some words were added to it but since 1970 there is no word in the national anthem of Spain. Since then, only the tune is played in the national anthem.

40.The Village that divided the New World into two parts

There was a time when a large part of the world was ruled by the British. But even then, there was a large part of the world. Where other European countries ruled, not British. In the medieval period, the European country Spain
ruled a large part of the world.Especially on American continents. Except for today’s America and Canada, Spain ruled over the rest of the American continent. Spanish is spoken more or less throughout South America except for one country and the name of this country is Brazil.Brazil is a country in Latin America. Which was a colony of Portugal. The rest of South America was part of the Kingdom of Spain.

The fate of Brazil and the rest of the American country was decided in a small village. The village lies in the Valladolid province of present-day Spain. The name of this village is Tordesillas.In 1494 there was an agreement between Spain and Portugal. Under which the two countries had divided the new world.

Now the village of Tordesias has become a small town. It is situated on the banks of the River Douro. Historians say that this city was a small village in the medieval period. There were many important routes around it, which is why the kings of Portugal and Spain chose this place for such an important settlement.

41.Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, World Famous Artist

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo was born in December 1617 in the city of Saville, Spain. The most famous painting of
Murillo is ‘Two Women at a Window’.

This painting he made in about 1655. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo has created many such paintings that are still remembered today.
Murillo’s childhood was spent in poverty. His father was a barber and surgeon. He learned painting from his uncle. Whatever paintings he used to make in childhood, he used to sell them at the fair. He did the work of selling paintings at the fair till his youth.

42. Bullfighting

Spain is very famous for bullfighting.Artists are also injured during this time.Bullfighting in Spain is famous all over the world. Recently a bullfighting man died. This was the first death inside the enclosure during the Battle of the Bulls in Spain in this century. Since this death, this event has once again come under controversy.

bullfight-406865_640

People in Spain are demanding a ban on this bloody game. In Spain, about 2000 bullfight is organized every year. However, due to the imposition of place restrictions in Spain, its number is decreasing.This traditional event in Spain has now become the identity of this country.

Historical Facts About Spain

Today’s Spain is a democracy organized as a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. Due to its position, this country has been having external influences since time immemorial. In contrast, Spain also had
influence over many other regions, especially in the modern era when Spain had become a global empire.

As a result, today there are approximately 500 million Spanish-speaking people, making Spanish the second most spoken language in the world. The Spanish Empire is one of the earliest and largest empires in the world. Its colonies were located in Europe, North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The Iberian Peninsula became part of the Roman Empire, known as ‘Hispania‘. During the early medieval era, it came under the rule of Germany but was then conquered by the Muslim invaders. After a long and irregular war, the Christian states of the north gradually drove out Muslim rule from Spain.

Spain became a great colonizing kingdom with Columbus’s discovery of America by Spain in 1412.

Spain became the most powerful nation in Europe during the 16th century with much of its wealth in the US, but after the defeat of the Spanish Armada at the hands of England in 1588, Spain was reduced to a small peninsular power.In 1939 General Franco was a dictatorship over a politically and economically damaged and weak country.
After the death of Franco in 1975, a constitutional monarchy was established.

Important history events related to Spain country:

  • 20 July 1031 – Henry I, the successor of Robert II, takes over as King of Spain.
  • 1492: All Jews were expelled from the European country Spain.
  • 04 May 1493 – Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between Portugal and Spain. Pope Alexander VI divided the continent of America between two countries, Portugal and Spain.
  • 15 March 1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his world tour.
  • 15 December 1516 – After the discovery of the southern American country of Argentina, the first Spanish faction arrived at this place. Thus Spain’s authority over this country began.
  • 14 November 1533 – Spanish explorers locate Ecuador, located in the northwest of South America and include it in their colony.
  • 30 May 1539 – The explorer Hernando de Soto discovers Florida.
  • 16 January 1556 – Spain’s Emperor Carrell chooses his son Philip II as his successor.
  • 1581 – British Parliament declares Roman Catholicism illegal.
  • 17 January 1595 – King Henry IV of France declares war against Spain.
  • 18 July 1630 – Spain’s troops occupy Italy’s Mantua province.
  • 1701 – 1714-Battle between Britain, Netherlands and Austria vs. France and Spain in 1701 – 1714.
  • 1739- England declares war on Spain.
  • 1809- Ecuador gained independence from Spain.
  • 1811- Seven provinces of Venezuela declared independence from the rule of Spain.
  • 1922- Revolt in Morocco against Spain.

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Tourism in Spain

Spain’s tourism industry has grown in the last 4 decades and today it is the largest in the world after the USA. Spain is traditionally an agricultural country. The main products here are cereals, vegetables, and fruits. Coal, lignite, iron, uranium, gypsum, tungsten, copper, lead, etc. are natural resources of Spain. Industries include chemicals, machine tools, and shipbuilding.The beautiful city and lifestyle is enough to attract tourists. These 5 cities in Spain are places to hang out.

1. Barcelona

Barcelona

One of the most favorite cities in Spain is Barcelona City, where there is a boom of new dishes, fashion, and music throughout the year. The city is especially famous for its football team. The buildings built by the famous architect Antony Gaudi are very beautiful.The Sagrada Church is no less than a wonder. Famous painter Picasso and Miro’s paintings are also the centers of attraction for the tourists. The wine is world-famous.

2. Granada

granadajpg

It used to be the most unique city in Spain during the Muslim empire in the pages of history and still exists. Arabic influence can be seen in the culinary arts, architecture, and crafts of the city. Europe’s most beautiful palace Alhambra is also present here. It is also known for its unique weather, snow-capped mountains, and beautiful beaches.

3. Madrid

Madrid, the capital of Spain, is the heart of this country. The fun and frolic nights make it more special. Built-in the 17th century, the Plaza de Oquierte, the Plaza de Oriente, the Opera House, and the modern architectural Almudena Church are one of the major scenic spots here.

The world’s largest art gallery Prado is also worth seeing. Madrid is also known as Europe’s greenest capital due to RetiroPark, Casa-de-Campo and Juan Carlos Park. This city is no less than a paradise for night lovers.

4. Seville

If you are fond of games, then this city is the best place to fulfill this wish because here you can enjoy outdoor games like horse riding, cycling, hiking. Like Madrid, bull-fighting can be enjoyed here too.Festivals-East Week and Feria-the-April in Seville are the famous fairs held in April which the Spaniards celebrate with great pomp.

5. Valencia

Valencia is one of the biggest cities in Spain and is also one of the favorite places for tourists. The Bhusiya-the-Bellas Art Museum here is no less than a surprise for art lovers. In this museum, the arts of artists like El Greco, Goya and Velazquez are seen.

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