Lesser-Known Facts About Iraq | Historical Facts About Iraq

Lesser-Known Facts About Iraq | Historical Facts About Iraq

29th July 2019 0 By Aparna Patel

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Iraq? Here is a collection of interesting and fun facts about Iraq which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Iraq such as about culture,
history, government rule, etc.

There are a lot of things to know about Iraq but still, people do not know much more than terrorism, but Iraq has given a lot of things to the world, some of which we use in Daily Life Also. Iraq Country remained under the Ottoman rule for centuries and under British rule 17 years, on October 3, 1932, Iraq got independence from Britain.


General Facts About Iraq

  • Total Population – 38.3 million 3.83 crores (2017)
  • Highest Mountain – Cheekha Dar 11,834 feet
  • Total Area – 437,072 km²
    Largest Lake – Buhayrat ath Tharthar
  • National Day – 3 October
  • Currency – Iraqi dinar
  • National Song – “Mawṭin”
  • Capital –Baghdad

Amazing Facts About Iraq For Tourists and Kids

1. Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and its cultural-political center. With its 6 million people, Baghdad is considered one of the most dangerous cities in the world.The current difficult political situation due to extremist Islamic terrorist groups and many years of war and communal problems make this city a witness to suicide attacks every day.On a tourism level, the city faces severe difficulties due to excessive police control and military presence If you are adventurous enough to travel to Baghdad, you can visit the museums of Baghdad, the Al-Faw Palace (Water Palace), the famous Firdos Square and the swords of Kadisiya aka Victory Arch.

Watch Iraq Beauty

2. One of the popular story “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves” was written in Iraq. According to amazing facts, the story was written about 1,000 years ago today.

3. Iraq has given the first map and calendar to the world.

4. Do you know that the invention of the wheel was in Iraq.

5. At some point, Iraq’s schools and colleges were considered the best in the Arab.

6.Beekeeping in Iraq from 5 thousand years. Beekeeping for almost all Iraqi families is a great source of food and income.

7. 5 thousand years ago there was plenty of greenery and swamps, but gradually it turned into a desert.

8. During 1980-88, millions of people died in the Iran-Iraq war. In this war, Iraq was declared bankrupt. In the pursuit of money,dictator Saddam Hussein attacked to grab Kuwait’s oil field. But, the American coalition troops expelled Saddam from Kuwait.

9. Saddam Hussein had introduced a law, under which, if a person has killed a woman while protecting the family’s honor, then it will be free. Let us know that after 2003, there has been a drastic increase in Honor Killing cases in Iraq.

10. More than half of the marriage in Iraq has taken place between cousins ​​and siblings.

11. Until 2003, Baghdad’s Zoo was the largest in the Middle East. There were more than 600 animals there

12. After the invasion of Iraq, all the other animals were robbed, except 50 animal.

13. It is believed that black cat-related superstition was born in Iraq.

14. In 2003, the alliance of 35 countries simultaneously attacked Iraq. However, countries such as France and Germany refused to join the war.

15. Iraq is the first country in the world, who stated that there are 60 minutes in 1 hour and 60 seconds in 1 minute.

16. 12 hours a day and 12 hours of the night have started from Iraq.

17. Scientists have confirmed 112,500,000,000 barrels of crude oil reserves under Iraq’s land. Iraq has the world’s second-largest oil reserves.

18. One of the world’s poisonous snakes, ‘Scale Wiper’ is found in Iraq.

19. Former Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein was hanged on 30 December 2006. He was accused of killing 148 Shia Muslims of Dujal city in the 1980s. On March 20, 2003, the United States launched a war against Iraq and on December 13, 2003, Saddam Hussein was captured.

20. In the year 1991, “Allah Hu Akbar” was added to the Green script in the Iraq Flag.

21. Al-Shaheed Monument, which was made in Baghdad in memory of those Iraqi soldiers who were killed during the Iraq-Iran war.’

Al-Shaheed Monument

22. Iraq Currency is “Dinar”. It was made from ‘Dani’. In Latin, ‘deni’ means ‘ten’.

23. Tigris and Euphrates are two main Rivers of Iraq. These rivers make important contributions to making Iraq’s land more fertile.

24. General Saddam Hussain, ordered the construction of bases and tunnels for his safety at the time of war, and
The cost of construction of these tunnels was paid as oil.

25. The total area of Iraq is approximately 4,37,072 square kilometers. Which makes Iraq the 59th largest country
in the world.

The history of Iraq has been extremely golden, but some such reasons have always been associated with Iraq, due to which the prosperous country has been continuously declining. The main reasons for this are

26. Britain

The foundation of Iraq’s ruin was laid by Britain. Britain occupied Iraq for a long time and exploited its natural resources. Iraq’s economy was very strong, but Britain in its colonial period enriched itself by linking the Iraqi economy with its national economy. Britain did the same thing with the Indian economy.

27. America

The United States and Britain suspected Iraq of possessing the Weapons of Mass Destruction and attacked it in 2003 under the leadership of the United States only on suspicion of being Weapons. Iraq’s economy broke down completely. There the situation of women deteriorated and terrorism also came to a peak. The education rate of women in cities has fallen to less than 75 percent, which is steadily decreasing.

28. Iraqi leader

The leaders of Iraq also have little role in the ruin of Iraq. Saddam Hussein was unable to unify his country. They wanted to create a Sunni nation and for this, they used to dictate. The Shia and Kurdish classes were completely against him during this time.
America was against Iran and that is why it remained with Iraq when there was a Gulf War in Iraq and Iran from 1980 to 1988. America was against Iran after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 in Iran and it always took the help of Saddam against Iran.
America was against Iran and that is why it remained with Iraq when there was a Gulf War in Iraq and Iran from 1980 to 1988. America was against Iran after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 in Iran and it always took the help of Saddam against Iran.
During this time Britain also remained with Iraq, but when Iraq sent its army to Kuwait and wanted to merge it with Iraq, both America and Britain turned against Iraq and together with other countries waged war against Iraq.

29. Who are the Kurds?

Shia and Sunni Muslims have always been fought in Iraq, but apart from these, the presence of Kurds is also very much discussed. The Kurdish people are widely resident of Kurdistan.
Iraqi Kurdistan is a federal entity that has vast powers under the new constitution of Iraq. The Kurds are staunch Sunni Muslims and belong to the Banjara caste.
People of this caste live in the southeast of Turkey, in the northeast of Syria and also in the western areas of Iran and Iraq. They have been demanding to declare Kurdistan as an independent country for a long time. The population of Kurds in Iraq is about 4 million.

So Iraq was the best

This country has been in the news for the last one and a half-decade due to terrorism, violence, and bloodshed, while at one time it has a very golden history.Apart from the medieval period, Iraq has been dominated in modern history. Today Iraq is known for violence, but the situation in Iraq was very spectacular in the 1980s. Let’s know what it was like at that time.


The biggest reason for Iraq’s prosperity was the Iraqi economy at one time. If we look at the period from 1980 to 1990, the Iraqi economy under the leadership of Saddam Hussein was growing at a rate of around 11 percent. Today, this pace is not even for China. Iraq strengthened its economy based on the oil field.


Iraq has also contributed a lot in terms of art, music, and literature. The education rate of women was 87
percent in 1985 itself. If we look at this figure only in cities, there was more.
The women here were not conservative.UNESCO also awarded the 1982 Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Award to Iraq to eradicate illiteracy.


The situation of women has also been extremely good in Iraq. The situation of women in the Ottoman Empire is also very good and the same has happened in the Saddam regime.
In 2006, several NGOs working for women’s rights in Iraq surveyed that the position of women in Saddam’s rule was much better than it is now. Under Saddam’s rule, there was a matter of women’s rights in the Constitution itself and a large number of women were employed in good positions in government jobs.

Historical Facts about Iraq

There was a time when Baghdad has been the center of the Abbasid Caliphs. Iraq’s cities were very prosperous during this period.From here , trade and cultures began to expand worldwide. The cities were very modern at that time, which was an example for the whole world.

The Abbasid Caliphs placed great emphasis on education, trade, technology, social development. It spread rapidly throughout the world, especially in the Arab world.
Iraq has been the center of knowledge in the medieval period. Baghdad used to be the center of the Arab world during this period and development was taking place in every corner.

After this, the condition of Iraq began to deteriorate in the colonial period, as Britain ruined the economy of Iraq under his rule.

The 1980s have been a golden period for Iraq since Iraq’s independence. At this time there was a lot of progress under the leadership of President Saddam Hussein. Iraq was then counted among the best countries in the world.

On 30 December 2006, former Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein was hanged. He was accused of killing 148 Shia Muslims in the city of Dujail in the 1980s.On 20 March 2003, the US launched a war against Iraq, and on 13 December 2003, Saddam Hussein was captured.

Iraq has been part of the Sumerian civilization, out of these three civilizations Egypt, Sumeria, and Harappa. At
that time this civilization was very rich and the people of Harappa were eager for trade with the people of
Sumerian civilization. From 1534 to 1918, Iraq was part of the Ottoman Empire.

The British Army conquered the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. In 1917, Britain seized Baghdad and in 1921 Britain formed a government in Mesopotamia and renamed the region as Iraq.
In 1921, Faisal, the son of Sharif Hussain bin Ali of Mecca, was declared the first king of Iraq. Iraq then became an independent country in 1932 after a long history of violent skirmishes.

Lost Ancient Palace Appears in Mosul

Remains of the 3400-year-old palace have been revealed as the water level in the reservoir decreased due to drought in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. It is said that this palace dates back to the time of the Mittani Empire.
It has been discovered by a team of Kurdish-German researchers. He says that after this discovery more information about the Mittani Empire will be revealed.

Lost Ancient Palace Appears in Mosul
Kurdish archaeologist Hassan Ahmad Qasim said that this is an important archaeological discovery in recent decades. It is a wonderful example of grand architecture.

Important Data in Iraq History

  • 1932 – Britain declared Iraq independent in 1932 but British intervention in Iraqi affairs continued.
  • 1958-Due to a military coup in 1958, a democratic government was formed here, but in 1968 the Socialist Arab Movement put an end to it.
  • 1980 – Saddam declared war with Iran in 1980 that lasted for 8 years and its end was inconclusive.
  • 2003 – Saddam Hussein was arrested after NATO forces under US leadership attacked Iraq in 2003, and Saddam Hussein was sentenced to executions in a lawsuit.
  • 2011-The last NATO forces marched from the country in December 2011, ending an 8-year foreign military presence.

Tourism in Iraq

Iraq is an attractive country located in Western Asia. In terms of tourism, Iraq lost its place in the world tourism sector.
After being forgotten for a long time, Iraq is now a mysterious country because we do not hear people speaking about travel there which is often due to lack of security.Before the US incursion, Iraq was safe and thousands of Western tourists used to come every year.Some Tourist places of Iraq

1- Al Kifl

Al Kifl is a city in the south-east of Iraq, located on the banks of the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al Hill. The significance of Al Kifl is due to the tomb of the Bible Prophet Ezekiel.This place was once a major tourist attraction with thousands of tourists. Inside the walls, this temple has a dome with Hebrew inscriptions featuring Islamic designs of flowers.Let me tell an interesting thing about Iraq, one time Iraq had the second-largest Jewish community in the Middle East.

2- Al Quanah

Al Qurnahis a small city located in southern Iraq. It is a confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates River.The city is also known for the scene of the Battle of the Quran. During World War I, the British invaded the region to defeat Ottoman soldiers.

3- Al Ukhaidir

The fort of Al Ukhaidir, also known as the Abbasid Palace of Ukhidar, is located about an hour’s drive from Karbala.
This rectangular-shaped fort, built-in 775 BCE, was used by the Abbasid Caliph As-Safa to protect his territory.

Al Ukhaidir

4- Babylon

Babylon was an important city in ancient Mesopotamia.Situated on the banks of the Euphrates River, this archaeological site is a major attraction when you visit Iraq. Babylon was one of the largest cities in the world during the sixth century BC.


If you know any new things about Iraq  then tell through the comments so that other people can also read, thank you.

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