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Lesser-Known Facts About Algeria | Historical Facts About Algeria

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Algeria? Here is a collection of interesting and fun facts about Algeria which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Algeria such as culture, history, government rule, etc.

Algeria is a democratic Sunni Muslim country located in North Africa. The capital and most populous city of Algeria is Algiers. Algeria is the tenth-largest in the world and the largest country on the continent of Africa, with an area of
about ​​23,81,741 kilometers(9,19,595 sq m).

algeria facts
Today in this post we will give you the necessary information related to the historical facts, geography, amazing unique interesting facts about Algeria.

General facts about Albania

  • Total Population – 41.3 (4.13 crores) (2017)
  • Highest Mountain – Mount Tahat
  • Total Area –2.382 million km²
  • National Day – 5 July
  • Currency – Algerian Dinar
  • National Song – “Qassaman”
  • Capital – Algiers

Unique Interesting facts about Algeria

1.The borders of Tunisia in the north-east of Algeria, Libya in the east, Morocco in the west, West Saharan province in the south-west, Mauritania and Mali, Niger in the southeast and the borders of the majestic Sea in the north.

2. The country is a semi-presidential republic, which has 48 provinces and 1541 communes. Abdelaziz Bouteflika is the country’s president from 1999 to 2019.

3. Ancient Algeria has known for many kingdoms and dynasties, including the ancient Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads, Abbasids, Idrisi, Aghlabi, Rustamis, Fatimids, Zirids, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohids, and French Consists of colonial empire. The Berbers are generally considered indigenous inhabitants of Algeria.

4. According to OPEC, Algeria is the world’s 17th largest oil reserve and Africa’s second-largest oil reserve, while it is the 9th largest country in natural gas reserves. The country’s national oil company Sonatrach is Africa’s largest company.

5. Algeria is one of the largest military countries in Africa and has the highest military budget in the subcontinent, with most weapons imported into Algeria from Russia, with whom they have a good alliance.

6. Algeria is primarily a member of the African Union, Arab League, OPEC, United Nations and also a founding member of the Maghreb Union

7. Algeria is commonly called the country of cherries and dates. The cherries and dates found here reflect a wide variety of climates, the dates of Algeria being the best known on earth.

dates

8. Algeria has more than 80% share in the Sahara Desert. In fact, In Algeria, only 12% of the land is inhabited.

9. The official language of Algeria is Arabic and let me tell you that People here speak Arabic, Berber (called Tamazight and Amazigh) or French. Algerian Arabic (called Darija) is well spoken by more than half the population.

10. Mount Tahat, situated on Azhagar mountain, is the highest peak in the country, at an altitude of 3,003 meters.

11. The first Algerian President is Ahmed Ben Bella, who was elected in the year 1963 and served for only 2 years.

12. Two percent of Algeria’s exports are mere fossil fuels, with petroleum and natural gas accounting for 98 percent of the country’s exports. The country’s crude oil reserves are the 16th largest in the world with 12,200 million barrels of oil reserves.

13. The largest lake in Algeria is named Chott Melrhir which is spread over an area of about 6700 sq km. It is a saltwater lake whose size varies throughout the year. This lake is also the lowest point in Algeria whose height is -40 m above sea level.

14. The highest weather temperature was recorded in Algeria, which was 60.5 ° C.

15. The official currency of Algeria Country is called Algerian Dinar.

16. It is estimated that 35 percent of the population in Algeria is under 14 and only 4 percent are over 65 years of age.

17. Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world and the largest in Africa after being separated from South Sudan in 2011

18. Algeria has competed in every Olympic Games since 1964 and has won a total of 17 medals in that time, 5 of which are gold.

19. Only three percent of the land is cultivated in the country, which feeds their population self-sufficiently.

20. France ruled Algeria in the years 1830–1962 – a long 132-year rule.

21.Two thousand years old hammam

This is a two-thousand-year-old Roman hammam made in Algeria, North Africa. Every year 0.7 million tourists come here and enjoy Bath House. It was built in the time of the Flavian dynasty which was used as a therapy because the temperature of Hamam water is 70 ° C.

The Romans believed that bathing here causes body relaxation and reduces skin problems, respiratory and joint diseases. Millions of tourists come here due to the hot water. The Hamam has two pools, one rectangular and the other round. The pool has a diameter of 8 meters and is 1.45 meters deep.Spa treatment, massage, and hydrotherapy are also available here. It was used daily during the Roman Empire.

22. The Sahara Desert experiences maximum heat. Here the temperature is up to 58 degrees. But In January 2019, the temperature here is 12 degrees Celsius.In 2019 it has snowed here. Its pictures and videos are becoming very viral on social media. There is snow in the mountains.

The Sahara Desert

23.Abdelaziz Bouteflika resign after Protests

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (82), who has held Algeria’s power for over two decades, has resigned even before his term ends. They have taken this decision due to the widespread protests going on across the country since 22 February 2019.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika
After suffering from a stroke in 2013, his public presence had reduced considerably. Being sick, the army was also demanding that he be disqualified.Before resigning, the President said in a letter issued to the public, “I have taken this step so that the deadlock in the country can be ended.”
Bouteflika, the veteran leader of Algeria’s freedom struggle, was elected president for the first time in 1999.
He was also preparing to contest for the fifth time. Because of this, the youth started opposing them. Experts say that the protest is unlikely to stop even after the resignation as the protesters are now demanding a change in the governance of the entire country.

24. In 2018, Algeria has banned Internet across the country during high school examinations to prevent duplication. According to the BBC report, both the mobile and fixed lines of Internet service has been discontinued. To prevent copying in any way, the internet will be shut down one hour before the start of each high school diploma exam.
The move was taken because of the widespread cheating in 2016.

25. Some of the world’s largest dunes are located in Algeria. Issouane-n-Tifernine sand of the sea, which is 465 meters high and 5 kilometers
long.

26. The colors of the Algerian flag are representative of the religion of Islam (Green), purity (white) and blood for attaining independence(Red).

27. The Djama’a al-Kebir or Great Mosque is one of the best-preserved examples of Almoravid architecture and it is claimed that it was built back in 1097.

28. In ancient times, Algeria was known as Numidia. Numidians were known for their horse-drawn army. Numidians later came to be known as Berbers.

29. The land of Algeria has also been part of many great empires of the Mediterranean, is situated on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The land of this country was once part of the powerful empire Carthage – 7th to 3rd centuries BC. Later it was also part of the Roman Republic (509 to 27 BC) and the Roman Empire (27 BC to 1453 AD).

30. In the 8th century, Arab people came here and many people here became Muslims. During the Middle Ages, different parts of Algeria were ruled by various tribes and barbarians. Spain occupied many cities and settlements in the 16th century. After this, the powerful Ottoman Empire intervened here and Algeria soon became part of the Ottoman Empire.

31. In the 19th century, the French attacked Algeria and killed a large population here. Much of Algeria remained in French possession until the middle of the 20th century.

32. In the middle of the 20th century, the people of Algeria started rebelling against French rule. The National Liberation Front (LLF) was formed in the year 1954, which started a violent rebellion against French rule. Algeria gained independence in 1962.

33.Africa Cup of Nations 2019: Algeria win the title by defeating Senegal

Algeria won the title of this prestigious football tournament thanks to a goal by Baghdad Bounedjah.
This is his first title since 1990 and the team had to wait for 29 years to win this trophy. Senegal’s team has not won this title even once.

34.Apr 11,2018 Country’s largest air crash

An army plane crashed in Algeria on Apr 11,2018 Wednesday morning. In this accident, 257 people were reported killed in the plane. Algeria’s Defense Ministry has called it the c ountry’s largest air crash.Many army personnel was boarding this plane with their families.
The accident occurred near the Boufarik airbase, 24 km from the country’s capital, Algiers.On Apr 11, 2018, the accident occurred shortly after the plane took off from the Boufarik Military Airport near the capital Algiers.

35. The coastal part of Algeria is highly fertile in which scientific farming is done by most Europeans and some self-governing local societies and sufficiently rich crops are grown.

36. The main crops are wheat, barley, beetroot, maize, potato, and tobacco. Fruits like figs, grapes, walnuts, olives, cotton, and dates are also produced in abundance.

37. Grass called alfalfa also grows in sufficient quantities. The forests mainly consist of pine, cedar, and infertile (oak) trees. Horses, mules, donkeys, camels, sheep, and goats are the domestic animals of this country.
The fish business is in great progress. In 1963, 568 boats and 4,000 fishermen were assigned to catch fish and about 17,000 tonnes of fish were caught.

38. Minerals like iron, phosphate, zinc, mercury, ranga, kaolin, marble and antimony are available in Algeria. Salt is also available here.In 1969, it produced about 2.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas.

39. Here the rules are different, men cover the face and the woman is the head of the house.

A region of a Muslim tribe in the Sahara desert has different rules from those who follow Muslim religion worldwide. Here men cover their faces. The tribe here is called Nomadic Tuareg.

nomadic

  • Here women do not cover their faces, but men cover their faces.
  • The head of the household is a woman and also owns all the property.
  • Before marriage, women can have a lover according to their choice.
  • The young men can spend the night with them by going in the tent of the women, the family sleeping in the tent does not even notice it.
  • Here girls are given freedom like boys.
  • Girls can get all their dowry and property back if they get divorced.
  • If divorce happens, the woman keeps all the animals and tents. The family of the woman also gives a party on divorce.

40. 1980: Thousands died in the Algeria earthquake

The 1980 earthquake in Algeria was the largest in the country. Two severe tremors were felt in the northern Algerian city of El Asnam.According to an official report, 20,000 people were killed and thousands were injured or missing in the incident.The city’s main hospital, a department store, the largest mosque, a girls’ school, and two residential colonies were destroyed.

The first tremor was felt at 1:30 pm local time. Its intensity was 7.3 on the reactor scale. This was the largest earthquake in Algeria.Three hours later, there was another shock, which had a magnitude of 6.3.

The hospital was badly damaged, so the injured had to be sent to the capital, Algiers and Oran, about 100 miles from the city for treatment.The entire roof of a four-story hotel had fallen, due to which the guests sleeping in the rooms were buried under it.

Historical Facts About Algeria

Algiers, it is the capital and most populous city is located in the north. With an area of 23,81,741 square kilometers (9,19,595 square meters), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world and the largest in Africa.

The borders of Tunisia in the north-east of Algeria, Libya in the east, Morocco in the west, West Saharan province in the south-west, Mauritania and Mali, Niger in the southeast and the borders of the majestic Sea in the north.The country is a semi-presidential republic, which has 48 provinces and 1541 communes.

Algeria was a colony of France until 1962 AD.But in 1954 AD, a rebellion started under the leadership of the National Liberation Front (Fant the Liberation Nationale), which was successful and in 1962, the French government accepted self-government in Algeria through the Evian Agreement.

A sporadic battle between Morocco and Algeria began in 1963 over the border dispute but was compromised by the intervention of the Africa Integration Association. The bloodless revolution took place in June 1965 and President Ahmed Ben Bella was removed.

According to the constitution accepted in 1963 AD, Algeria is ruled by a party government in which the President has immense powers.Northern Algeria is divided into 13 departments. These departments are divided into 76 subdivisions and 634 communes. The Sahara has two divisions – Saora and Oysisu – divided into five subdivisions and 47 communes.

The major city and capital of the country is Algiers with a permitted population of 9,43,000 (1967).Other major cities are Oran (3,25,000) and Sidi-Bel-Abbess (1,01,000). In the seventh eighth century, the civilization of the Arabs (Murows) spread here.

After this, until 1830 AD, the Barbari caste dominated here. In 1830, the French were ruled here.According to OPEC, Algeria is the world’s 17th largest oil reserve and Africa’s second-largest oil reserve, while it is the 9th largest country in natural gas reserves.The country’s national oil company Sonatrach is Africa’s largest company.

Algeria is one of the largest military countries in Africa and has the highest military budget in the subcontinent, with most weapons imported into Algeria from Russia, with whom they have a good alliance.Algeria is primarily a member of the African Union, Arab League, OPEC, United Nations and also a founding member of the Maghreb Union.

Some important days in the history of Algeria

  • 1939–1945 – Algeria’s chances of independence began to increase after Anglo-Americans occupied North Africa during the time of France’s destruction and World War II.
  • 1939–1945 – Algeria’s chances of independence began to increase after Anglo-Americans occupied North Africa during the time of France’s destruction and World War II.
  • 1945 – Post-independence protests were held. Thousands of people were killed.
  • 1954–1962 – Algeria’s War of Independence.
  • 1962 – Algeria gets independence.
  • 1976 – Algerian and Moroccan forces fight among themselves for Western Sahara.
  • 1989 – Moved from socialism to Western capitalism.
  • 1991-1999 – Civil war ensues, Islamists rebel against the government
  • 1999 – Abdelaziz Bouteflika became President of the country and introduced the National Reconciliation Policy to everyone.
  • 2019-Abdelaziz Bouteflika has resigned after massive street protests.

Tourism in Algeria

Algeria is the 9th cheapest country in the world. Here you will easily get a room for $ 148. You have to spend a few dollars to eat. Travel expenses are also very low here.The weather in July is very pleasant in Algeria. The history of Algeria is very old. Walking in the blue waters on the seashore will make you feel like heaven. Algeria becomes very beautiful in July.Some Best Places in Algeria to Visit…..

  • Algiers, Algeria
  • Ahaggar National Park
  • Oran, Algeria
  • Constantine, Algeria
  • Ghardaia
  • Tlemcen Old Town
  • El Oued
  • Djanet
  • The Municipal People’s Assembly, Batna
  • Timgad

Read More Unique Facts about the Countries

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References

https://khabar.ndtv.com/news/zara-hatke/it-snowed-in-the-sahara-and-the-photos-are-breathtaking-1798207

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-44557028

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2018_Algerian_Air_Force_Ilyushin_Il-76_crash

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