Jaisalmer Fort – This fortress is situated, in Jaisalmer, which comes in Rajasthan province of India. Jaisalmer Fort is a World Heritage Site. It was constructed by, Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD, hence the name of the fort was also named after him.
Jaisalmer Fort, a historical heritage standing in the pride of Rajasthan, is famous not only in India but around the world.This fort, which is included in the series of World Heritage Site, contains the ancient history of Rajasthan.Today we are going to tell you interesting facts related to Jaisalmer Fort, which you have hardly read before today.
Amazing Famous Facts About Jaisalmer Fort For Tourists and Kids
- Jaisalmer Fort stands on the Trikuta Mountains of Thar Desert, and there have been many historical battles. In the fort, there is a huge yellow sandstone wall. During the daytime, the fortress of this fort looks like light golden color.For this reason, this fort is also known as Sonar Kila or Golden Fort. This fort is built, in the heart of the city and as historical heritage of Jaisalmer, people come to see this fort.
- In 2013, Jaisalmer Fort was included, in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 37th World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Colombia. You will be surprised to know that this fort is in the first place in the ancient fortifications of the world which, was fully preserved.
- There is a basement built in this fort which is 15 feet long.
- Jaisalmer Fort was built in 1156 CE by Rawal Jaisal. Another major incident of the fort fell in 1276 when the King of the Jatsi invaded the fort.
- This fort is surrounded by, a 30-foot-high wall. Currently, it is a residential place for a quarter of the city’s population. There are several wells in the fort complex, which are the regular source of water for the residents here. The fort shows the ideal fusion of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles.
Like other forts in Rajasthan, this fort also has many doors like Akhai Pol, Air Poll, Suraj Pol, and Ganesh Pol.
- Akhai Pol (the first gate in all the gates) is famous for its magnificent architectural style. This entrance was built, in the year 1156 and this entrance was used by, royal families and personal visitors.
- This fort is built, on the hill called Trikura of the desert region of Thar. This fort is made of yellow stones and gives a radiant look from a distance.
- Sonar Durg of Jaisalmer is the main center of tourist attraction.
- There is a crowd of visitors to see the fascinating image of the fort at night.
- This fort is 1500 feet (460 m) long and is 750 feet (230 m) wide and stands at 250 feet (76 m) high mountain.
- There are four gateways in the fort, The traders have also made the huge building.
- Some of the building are more than a decade old. Jaisalmer city has many huge and beautiful building made from yellow stones. The fort also has a spectacular drainage system.
- In the 13th century, Alauddin Khilji attacked this fort and captured the fort for 9 years.
- The second attack The Mughal emperor Humayun attacked this fort in 1541. After this, in order to improve relations with the Mughals, Rawal married his daughter in 1570 with Akbar.The Mughals occupied the fort till 1762. After this Maharaja Mulraj took control of the fort. After this, there was a treaty between the king Mulraj and the British and his occupation remained on the fort.
- After the death of Mulraj in 1820, the rule came here under the hands of Gaj Singh( grandson of Mulraj).
- After independence, and the partition of India, the ancient trade system was completely closed. But during the Indo-Pak war in 1965 and 1971, Jaisalmer Fort had proved its greatness.
- Seven Jain Temples :There are seven Jain temples built on this fort. The construction of these temples is believed to be in the middle of 15th to 16th century. In 2013, this fort was declared a World Heritage Fort by UNESCO.
- Jauhar :The history of the fort of Jaisalmer starts from the 12th century, it was built by the Rawal kings, mainly by the Rawal Jaisal.Jauhar was first done in Jaisalmer fort when in the 13th century Alauddin attacked this fort and tried to snatch it,At that time, Jauhar was done by 24,000 Rajput women, it was the biggest and the first Jauhar which will always be associated with the history of this fort.
How to Reach Jaisalmer Fort
Jaisalmer is located to the very near of Rajasthan and is a popular tourist destination, so it is well connected to the rest of India and Rajasthan along with airways, railways, and roads.
Jodhpur Airport is 300 kilometers away from Jaisalmer. Jodhpur is associated with all the major metro cities of India with state-owned private airlines. From Jodhpur, you can rent cabs or train according to your desire and priority.
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