Lesser-Known Facts About Bangladesh | Historical Facts About Bangladesh

Lesser-Known Facts About Bangladesh | Historical Facts About Bangladesh

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Bangladesh? Here is a collection of interesting and fun facts about Bangladesh which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Bangladesh such as culture, history, government rule, etc.

The officialy Bangladesh is known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Bangladesh, officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a sovereign state of South Asia. This country is at the top of the Bay of Bengal, this country has borders of India and Myanmar and due to the Siliguri corridor, it is isolated from Nepal and Bhutan.

Today we are going to tell you about some unique facts about Bangladesh and general information related to this country and its history.



General facts about Bangladesh

  • Total population – 164.7 million (16.47 crores)- 2017
  • Highest Mountain –Keokradong 986 metres (3,235 ft).
  • Total Area –147,570 km²
  • Largest Lake – Kaptai Lake
  • National Day –26 March
  • Currency – Bangladeshi taka
  • National Song – “Amar Sonar Bangla”
  • Capital – Dhaka

Amazing interesting Facts About Bangladesh

1.The Largest Muslim Population Country


With the population of 170 million, Bangladesh is the world’s eighth-largest country by the sight of the population, and the third-largest country in terms of population in Asia, and the third-largest country in terms of the population of the largest Muslim population country.

2.Home to more than 700 rivers

Bangladesh is home to more than 700 rivers, the greater part of which is in Sunderbans, which are considered as the world’s best evergreen forests and rain-forests, along with the 600-km coastline, it has one of the longest beaches in the world.

3.Due to the unique geographical location of Bangladesh, floods and hurricanes often come in the time of monsoon. Although the land of the whole country is flat, due to the Delta of the Ganga-Brahmaputra river, water is extending towards the flat river from the Himalayas.

4.More than 2000 letters and magazines and newspapers are published in Bangladesh, while the number of readers is only 15 percent of the total population.

5.More than half the population of Bangladesh is a farmer.

6.Most of the people here call themselves Bengali and Bengali is the official language of Bangladesh. English is also spoken here.

7.The main religion in Bangladesh is Islam

The main religion in Bangladesh is Islam whose population is 88.3 percent. All Bangladeshi Muslims have 96% Muslim Sunni, 3% Shia and 1% Ahmadiyya. Here, Hindus are the largest minority religion in the world, whose population is 10.5 percent, whereas few minor minorities, Christians, Buddhists and the number of biologists are less than 1 percent.

8.There are many such artifacts in Masilhat in the mountainous region of northeastern Bangladesh, which is similar to the artifacts found in Europe.

9.In terms of population, Bangladesh is the eighth place in the world where the population is more than 160 million.

10.Bangladesh has the largest river delta and the world’s largest Mangrove forest.

11.With the erosion of alluvial soil, Bangladesh has the world’s most fertile delta land

12.The famous British journalist Tasmeen Lucia Khan is Bengali. He also does the work of presenter in BBC News.

 Watch Beautiful Bangladesh  in Video

13.Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh as well as the largest city. The city has a population of 15 million, which falls under the category of the largest cities in the world. It is also called “the city of mosques”.Whether you are going through any street, you will see a mosque.


14.Royal Bengal Tiger (which is the national animal of Bangladesh): The roar of this majestic creature is so sharp, Its sound is heard from three km away but unfortunately it is now in the category of extinct species.

15.Bangladesh is the third-largest Muslim population after Pakistan and Indonesia. The population density here is 1000 people per sq km, due to which is considered as the most affluent area.

16.Cricket is the most popular sport

Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangladesh in terms of sports. Whereas Bangladesh’s national game is Kabaddi. Bangladesh is also recognized in Test cricket and it is the fourth country in Asia to play Test cricket.In 1999 it was taken as the national team for the first time in the World Cup.

17.Bangladesh’s 30 percent more population lives below the poverty line, although there has been a change in the economy and changing life patterns in the past few years.

18.Child Marriage

In a survey conducted by UNICEF, it has been interesting to disclose that in the case of child marriage, Bangladesh comes after Nigeria, not only that in the world, Bangladesh comes second in the case of child marriage. There are hundreds of cases in Bangladesh every year.In which only due to money or other family pressure, young girls are married to the elderly.

19. More than 1.5 million(15 lakh) people had to die in Bangladesh’s independence from Pakistan. Bangladesh declared its independence on 26 March 1971, which came on 16 December 1971. Bangladesh adopted its constitution on 4 November 1972.

 20. Prostitution is legal

Prostitution is legally recognized in Bangladesh and according to statistics, more than 100,000 women in Bangladesh remain part of the sex trade. Apart from this, Bangladesh also has the largest brothel in the world.

Kandapara brothel

Kandapara brothel in Tangail district of Bangladesh is said to be the largest brothel in the country, almost 200 years old. Prostitution in Bangladesh is considered legal. It is the oldest and second-largest red light area in Bangladesh. Thousands of women and girls are involved in prostitution.

21. The oldest city of Bangladesh is Mahasthangarh. Sylhet is also a very old city located in the north eastern part of Bangladesh. There are many heritage sites in the city of Sialhat.


22. Bangladesh Army has 300000(3 lakh) soldiers. Including Reserve soldiers. Bangladesh Air Force has 22,000 personnel and 24,000 personnel in the Navy.

23. Bangladesh is the largest ally in the United Nations peacekeeping force. Currently, Bangladeshi peacekeepers are stationed in disputed countries such as Congo, Liberia, Darfur, Haiti, Lebanon, South Sudan, Cyprus.

24. Over 80 films are released in Bangladesh every year. In Bangladesh, Indian film star Rahul Roy is counted among the big stars.

25. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh and lily is the national flower of Bangladesh.

26. In Bangladesh, cheating is considered a very serious offense during the exam. In Bangladesh, if caught for copying during the exam, there can also be a jail sentence.

27. Green and red colors are used in the national flag of Bangladesh. Where green is the symbol of prosperity and progress, the same red color is a tribute to the fighters who shed their blood in the fight for Bangladesh liberation.

28.Due to being a tropical and lower land, Bangladesh’s land is never frozen by snow, the lowest recorded temperature of 4.5 degrees was measured in the winter of 2011.

29.The tallest peak of Bangladesh (Bangladesh) is the saka haphong, which is only 1052 meters high in southwestern Moodok Valley.

30.The National Day of Bangladesh is celebrated on 26th March as Bangladesh attained independence after the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. It has been declared a national holiday.

31.Rabindranath Tagore wrote the national song of Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s national anthem ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ is written by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur is the only person in the world whose creation has national anthem status in more than one country, India and Bangladesh respectively.

Amazing Historical facts about Bangladesh

32.Bangladesh once used to be East Pakistan, before that a large part of the Indian province of Bengal. After independence, it separated from India as Pakistan and became East Pakistan.There was a geographical distance of about 1600 km (1000 mi) between East and West Pakistan. The people of both parts of Pakistan had religion(Islam), but there was a lot of distance between caste and language.The independent nation Bangladesh emerged after a bloody war in 1971 with the cooperation of India against the injustice of the government of West Pakistan.

bloody war in 1971

33.Every year on 26 March, this country celebrates its Independence Day. This day is a national holiday.

34.In Bangladesh, millions of Bengalis were killed by rivers of blood, and more than one million Bangladeshi refugees had to take refuge in neighboring India in a bloody conflict in 1971. India was facing a lot of difficulties in dealing with this problem and India had to intervene in this problem on the demand of Bangladesh, which led to the 1971 India-Pakistan War.

35.Mukti Vahini Army was formed in Bangladesh, most of whose members were the intellectual class and student community of Bangladesh, they sent information to the Indian Army’s help, the Pakistani Army finally surrendered to the Indian Army on 16 December 1971,Bangladesh became an independent country and Mujibur Rahman became its first Prime Minister.

36.In 1975, Bangladesh was a small one-party state, where many military coup and military government were established. The country’s economic situation improved after the restoration of the Parliamentary Republic in 1991.
But Bangladesh still faced challenges such as poverty, corruption, polarized politics, human rights abuses by security personnel, increasing population and global warming.

37.The country had effectively done human development in a very short time,These include improvement in health, education, gender equality, population control and food production. The poverty rate in Bangladesh, which was 57% in 1990, has come down to 25.6% in 2014.

38.Bangladesh is internationally viewed as a powerful country and has also been included in Next Eleven. Bangladesh’s economy is the third largest economy in the world and its military strength in South Asia is slightly less than India and Pakistan.Bangladesh is also a founding member of SAARC (SAARC) and a permanent secretary of BIMSTEC. Bangladesh has contributed significantly to the United States peace operation.

39.Bangladesh is also named in the developing 8 countries, as well as Bangladesh is a member of the OIC, Commonwealth of Nations, World Trade Organization, G-77 and Natural Gas and Limestone.

40.Rice, jute and tea are cultivated mainly in Bangladesh. Historically it is also famous for muslin and silk, modern Bangladesh is one of the major textile producing countries of the world. Its main trade partners include the European Union, the United States, Japan and nearby countries such as China, Singapore, Malaysia and India.

41.After a terrible famine in 1974, Bangladesh with a population of more than 16.6 crore has become self-sufficient in the matter of food production. Since 2009, per capita income in Bangladesh has tripled.

42.Bangladesh is making rapid progress in manufacturing sector. In the textile industry, Bangladesh is second only to China. In the recent decade, Bangladesh’s economy has grown at an average annual rate of 6%. This growth rate reached 7.86 percent in the month of June 2018.

43.By the year 2019, the per capita income increased to $ 1,750. A large number of people in Bangladesh are living in poverty, but according to World Bank figures,there were a total of 19 percent of people who live their lives for $ 1.25 per day, which is now 9 percent.

44.The export of garments made in Bangladesh is growing at a rate of 15 to 17 percent annually. In 2018, clothing exports reached $ 36.7 billion by June. Hasina(Prime minister) aims to raise it to $ 39 billion by 2019 and when Bangladesh celebrates its 50th anniversary in 2021, the figure will reach $ 50 billion.

Some Important Dates in Bangladesh History

  • 1947 – End of British colonial rule in India Most Muslim populist states East and West were established as Pakistan. Both of these provinces were separated from each other by a distance of 1500 km.
  • 1971 – Bengalis get independence after nine months of war between patriot and Pakistan
  • 1973 – In the first parliamentary election, the Awami League won a one-sided victory.
  • 1975 – Military forces killed President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and members of his family.
  • 1979 – Bangladesh Nationalist Party leader and former army chief Zour Rahman was made president in the second parliamentary election.
  • 1981 – Zaur Rahman was assassinated during the time of the failed military coup.
  • 1982 – Gen. Irshad was given the strength of the army. He dismissed the constitution and the political party.
  • 1991 – In the fifth parliamentary election, Khaleda Zia has won against Bangladesh Nationalist Party leader Jiya and again the parliamentary system of governance has been introduced in the country.

Tourism in Bangladesh

If you are planning to travel abroad in a low budget, then the idea of going to Bangladesh will be best. There are a lot of travel options for which you do not have to spend a lot of money.There are many small places in Bangladesh which are best to explore.There are other cities apart from the capital Dhaka and Chittagong where you can enjoy Bengali culture. You can easily plan a trip to Bangladesh surrounded by natural beauty.


Rangamati can be reached by a crooked road between the greenery. Here you get real enjoyment of beautiful mountains and natural scenery. Rangamati is also known as the heart of the lakes.


Beautiful landscape, natural beauty, lake, hanging bridge, museum of Marma tribes are the center of attraction here. Rangamati has many facilities like fishing, speed boat cruise, water skiing for tourists.

2. Sylhet

The beauty of lush green tea plantations and Surma Valley greatly enhances the charm of Sylhet. Apart from tea, orange and pineapple trees are very beautiful. This valley receives a lot of Serbian birds in winter.


The Srimangal of Sylhet is known as the tea capital of Bangladesh. Tea fields are spread over miles, which are visible from a distance.About 150 types of tea plantations are present here. Apart from this, Sylhet is also famous for Hazrat Shah Halal.

3.Kuakata Beach

Kuakata Beach of Patuakhali in Bangladesh is one of the beautiful and serene beaches. It is indeed a different feeling to see the sun rising and falling.

Kuakata Beach

This beach is located at a distance of 70 km from Patuakhali. The calm environment is the main reason for tourists to visit here.There is also the facility of booking in advance to visit here, Guides are also present here, which tell about the surrounding area.


About 320 km west of Dhaka is a place called Khulna. Spread over an area of 6000 square km, Khulna is known for having the largest mangrove forests.

Sundarbans is the stronghold of the Royal Bengal Tigers. They can be easily seen wandering in the forests. It is also a pleasure to see crocodiles, cheetahs, deer, monkeys, pythons and wild bears. There are also comfortable houses to stay in here.


Rajshahi has a lot of importance since the rule of the Pala dynasty. Especially this place is famous for pure silk, mango, and lychee.Silk fabrics are available here at an affordable price. If you want to see the art of ancient times, then it would be right to visit the Varendra Research Museum.


Surrounded by mountains, dense forests, and lakes, Chittagong is a great holiday destination.It is the second-largest city in Bangladesh. It is also called the Gateway of Bengal because it has an international port.The lush green mountains, sprawling beaches, and pleasant weather add to the beauty of Chittagong. Chittagong is famous for the heavy, medium and light industries.Bangladesh’s only steel and oil factory is also located here.

Read More Amazing Facts

If you know any new things about Bangladesh then tell through the comments so that other people can also read, thank you.

About me

Hello,My name is Aparna Patel,I’m a Travel Blogger and Photographer who travel the world full-time with my hubby.I like to share my travel experience.

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