Facts about Varanasi

Historical Facts | Interesting and fun facts about Varansi

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Varansi? Here is a collection of Lesser-Known Facts and fun facts about Varansi which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Varansi such as about culture, history, government rule, etc. Varansi,  which is the Varanasi is a Spiritual city of India. Varansi was founded by the Shiva. Varansi weather is very unique, it is very cold in winter and it is very hot in the summer. Varansi is known as Benares, Banaras, or ‘Kashi‘. Varansi has a historical significance in India and is also the best city in terms of tourism. In this post, I am going to tell you some amazing and interesting facts about Varansi.

Inormation about Varanasi

Varanasi, the cultural and religious capital of India, has many incredible stories. The famous city located in the state of Uttar Pradesh is the most revered and sacred site of Hinduism, which is also known as Avimat-Kshetra. Along with Hinduism, it is also a sacred place for Buddhism, and Jainism whose beauty can be seen in the evening at the Ganges Ghat. Varanasi derives its name from the confluence of the two rivers Varuna and Asi.

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Varanasi, which is also known as Kashi and Banaras. The culture of Varanasi has an influential relationship with the river Ganges and its religious significance. There are many ancient stories of Varanasi. Varanasi is a city of literature, art, temples, and culture. We will tell you about some interesting facts related to Varanasi that will increase your desire to visit Varanasi.

Amazing Famous Facts About Varansi For Tourists and Kids

Facts about Varanasi

1.Capital of Chandravanshi kings

Kashi is, described in Vishnu Purana. It is, written that the three sons of Chandravanshi King Suhotra were Kash, Kashya, and Gutsamad. Among them, Kashi’s son Kashi was the first Chandravanshi king of Kashi.

2.A new world record was created as the clock reached 9.21.

Banaras’ daughter Soni Chaurasia has kept a new world record in her name for more than 123 hours 20 minutes continuously. Till now, this record was in the name of Hemlata Kamandalu of Thrissur Kerala, who had continuously done Kathak for 123 hours 20 minutes.

3.First rays of the sun

Varanasi

The city of Kashi is also called the city of salvation. It is, believed that mere presence in the court of Baba Vishwanath gives the devotee freedom from the cycle of birth after birth.

It is, believed that when the Earth was, created the first ray of light fell on Kashi’s land. It is, also believed that Lord Shiva came to Kashi and resided for some time. Lord Shiva is considered the patron of this city and its inhabitants. It is said that the nine planets in Kashi cannot do anything on their own. He is all under Lord Shiva. It is famous that Shani came to Kashi to find Shiva and could not enter the temple for seven and a half years. Whenever you go to visit Kashi, you will have a glimpse of Shani Dev’s temple outside the Vishwanath temple.

4.World’s oldest city – Banaras

world oldest city

Pro. PN Mishra explains, “Varanasi is the world’s 15th and first oldest city in Asia. According to religious texts, Varanasi was inhabited by Lord Shiva himself about 5000 years ago. Modern scholars tell this city to be 3000 years old. The famous American writer Mark Twain has also written for Varanasi that, “Banaras is, more ancient than history, older than traditions, older than legends, and when we collect them all from that collection. It is doubly ancient. “They considered it the first city in the world. ”
“The population first began to settle in Varanasi from 1800 BC. The first number comes in the city of Jericho, Palestine, which was, settled in 9000 B.C. ”

5.Most ancient city

Varanasi, a holy city situated on, the banks of the holy river Ganges, is considered the oldest city in the world. According to which it used to be the residence of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is, said that whoever lives till the end will surely get salvation.

6.Countless temples

Varanasi Temple

Varanasi is a city where you will find innumerable temples dedicated to Shaivism and Vaishnavism. Both these religions are forms of Hinduism that exist in harmony. It is also a significant center of Jainism as Parshvanath, the 23rd Tirthankara, was born.

7.A main center of education

Apart from being an influential holy city, Varanasi is also the main center of education and culture. The city’s Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is the largest in Asia.

8.Spiritual center

Varanasi, kashi

With all the variations, Varanasi is also associated with the ancient holistic medical science of Ayurveda and Yoga. The founder of these sciences Maharishi Patanjali has a deep connection with Varanasi.

9.Center of commerce and trade

The city is also considered the main center of commerce and trade since ancient times, beyond its religious and cultural importance. It is mainly known for its silver and gold works and Banarasi silk sarees.

10.Home of many great literary talents and artists

Hindustani classical music started in Varanasi itself. Many philosophers, poets, writers, musicians of India have lived in Varanasi, including Kabir, Munshi Premchand, Vallabhacharya, Ravidas, Tralang Swamy, Shivanand Goswami, Jaishankar Prasad, Swami Ramanand, Acharya Ramchandra Shukla, Girija Devi, Pandit Ravi Shankar, Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia and Ustad Bismillah Khan are few. Goswami Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas, the most revered book of Hinduism, and Gautam Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath.

11.Favorite shooting spot of Bollywood films

Varanasi, bollywood favourite shooting apot

Many Bollywood films capture the beauty and culture of the city. On the day you come to any TV You can see this city in serial. The Ganges Ghat of the city is the most preferred place for shooting. Many big films like Ranjhana, Laga Chunri Mein Daag, etc., have been shot.

12.Book a sitting away and get the offerings by post

The temples have started their website, where you can get all the information and with the help of this, you can book tokens without standing in line for yourself. There is also a provision in these websites that you can worship your name at your home, whose offerings will be received by you from the post sitting at home.

13.Frog wedding

frog wedding

There is a strange custom in Varanasi, even if it sounds strange to you, it is followed in Varanasi every year. Here, frogs are married every year during the rainy season at Ashwamedh Ghat. The scholar completes all the rituals of the frog’s wedding and releases the frogs into the river.

Historical facts about Varanasi

Historical facts about Varanasi

15.It is, said that Varanasi was, founded by Lord Shiva.
16.The Pandavas of Mahabharata also reached this city, searching for Shiva.
17.Gautama Buddha established Buddhism.
18.Many of the main people of the Bhakti period were born in Varanasi. Kabirdas is one of them.
19.During the Mahashivratri of 1507, Guru Nanak came to this city and carried forward Sikhism.
20.Many of the temples of Varanasi were torn down by Aurangzeb’s rule.
21.Under the rule of the British, Varanasi was made a new kingdom, with its capital at Ramnagar.

22.Remains of ‘Gyanvapi’ well

Varanasi, Gyanvapi well

It is, said that when the news of Aurangzeb’s demolition of the temple reached the people, it was hidden in a well to save the idol of Shiva from destruction. This well still stands between the mosque and the temple. Whenever you visit this princely place for prayer, do not forget to visit.

23.(Sarika Hazara) Hazara like memory column

The name of the pious Queen Ahilyabai Holkar is associated with the beginning of celebrating Devdeepavali in Kashi. It is, said that with his own Hazara Deepstambha (pillar of one thousand and one lamps) started to celebrate Devdeepavali at Panchganga Ghat. Kashinresh Maharaj Vibhutinarayan Singh made a historical contribution in making it comprehensive. Later, many devotees came forward and went on to play an important role.

24.Shiva and Shakti sit together

Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is, divided into two parts. Mother Bhagwati resides on the right side as Shakti. On the other side, Lord Shiva is seated in the left form. It is, believed that one gets salvation by coming. The unique thing is that in this Jyotirlinga both Shiva and Shakti are, seated together and such a pleasant coincidence is not seen anywhere else in the world.

25.The temple is famous for Tantric Siddhi

Varanasi tantrik siddhi

The upward dome in the Vishwanath court is adorned with Sri Yantra and is considered a suitable place for Tantric accomplishment. Many saints and ascetics come for tantra practice.

26.The Mughal emperor Akbar permitted the construction of the original temple. It was also built but was, later demolished by Aurangzeb.

27.There is a golden hive at the top of the temple. It is, believed that every wish sought after this golden hive is, fulfilled.

28.Maharaja Ranjit Singh donated about one ton of gold

Varanasi, Maharaja ranjit singh

After the reconstruction of the temple done by the queen of Indore, Maharaja Ranjit Singh donated about one ton of gold to rebuild the shikhara of this temple. The minarets of Kashi Vishwanath Temple were, plated with gold. The height of these minarets is about 15.5 meters. The temple has an inner sanctum, with a black stone Shivling installed in a silver altar on the floor. Three religious places are, located in a row in the south. Around the temple, there is a group of five Linga, jointly called the Neelkantheshwara temple.

29.Gathering of devotees from all over the world

The Kashi Vishwanath Temple doors are open throughout the year. Devotees from all over the world come to see God. There are five significant aartis in this temple. If you have ever seen the Aarti, you cannot forget this unusual scene.

30.The tradition of Manikarnika Ghat

Varanasi, manikaranghat

There is also a festival at the Manikarnika Ghat once a year among the burning dead. This festival takes place on the seventh night of Chaitra Navratri. In this festival, the city brides (sex workers) who are, tied to the feet take part. The tradition of unique cultivation on the Maharshan is part of the Shamshan Nath festival. They dance and sing amidst the weeds of death.

31.City brides dance at Manikarnika Ghat

While dancing, she prays to God that she should not have such a life in her next life. It is, believed that if she dances in front of the burning pyre as a witness to Nataraja, then the next born will not have to bear the stigma of the bride. This tradition started in the Akbar era from the time of King Sawai Man Singh of Amer and continues till now. It was Man Singh who built the temple at Manikarnika Ghat in 1585.

32.The tradition has been going on since then

Varanasi, nath utsav

When no artist was ready to perform the concert due to the Great Mass at Shamshan Nath Utsav, Mansingh invited city brides by sending them an invitation. She accepted this and danced all night at the glacier. Since then, this festival has become a part of the tradition of Kashi.

33.Ahilya Bai had rebuilt the temple

Varanasi, Ahilyabaiholka

This temple was, renovated by Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore. It is, believed that Lord Shiva himself appeared in a dream to Ahilya Bai in the 18th century and asked her to build a temple at this place.

34.A few years after Rani Ahilya Bai restored the temple, Maharaj Ranjit Singh donated gold to the temple. It is believed that Maharaj Ranjit donated about one ton of gold to this temple, and from that gold was, offered on the parasols of the temple.

35.There is a gold umbrella above this temple, which is, considered to be miraculous. It is, believed that after seeing this Chhatra, whatever the devotees wish, it is fulfilled.

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36.The present form of this famous temple was built in 1780 AD by “Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar” of the Maratha Empire.

37.The magnificent temple is dedicated, to the Hindu deity Lord Shiva. He is, worshiped in the form of a linga in the temple, which is 60 cm in height and is surrounded by a cunt with a circumference of 90 cm of pure silver.

38.This grand temple has suffered severe damage by many Muslim rulers such as Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1194 AD, and Aurangzeb destroyed it in 1669 AD.

39.In the year 1742 AD, the Maratha ruler Malhar Rao Holkar planned to rebuild the demolished temple, but his plan failed due to the intervention of the Nawabs of Lucknow as the area was, controlled by the Nawabs.

40.Around 1750 AD, the Maharaja of Jaipur started a survey aimed at purchasing land in Kashi for the reconstruction of Kashi Vishwanath Temple, but his plan to rebuild the temple failed due to outside interference.

Varanasi, Baiza bai

41.In the year 1828, “Baiza Bai, the wife of Maratha ruler Daulat Rao Scindhia of Gwalior state, constructed a roofed Tirumala with more than 40 pillars in the Gyan Vapi complex.

42.Silver has also been, used in many places in this magnificent temple, which was donated to the temple in 1841 AD by a Bhosale ruler of Nagpur.

43.To the east of the Stambhavali complex of this temple is situated a stone sculpture of a 7 foot high Nandi bull which was, given as a gift to this temple by the king of Nepal.

44.The dome built, above this magnificent temple is made of pure gold. To make this dome with gold, in the year 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji donated 1 ton of gold to the temple.

45.What makes this temple most famous is its 3 gold domes, of which the tallest dome has a total height of about 15.5 meters.

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46.Every day more than 3,000 tourists visit this temple, and on some special occasions, their number reaches more than 1,000,000.

47.It is, believed that those who visit Shivalingam with faithful devotion in the temple get salvation.

48.In the Kashi Vishwanath temple, all the idols are facing west at the time of makeup. In this Jyotirlinga, both Shiva and Shakti sit together, which is very unusual. Let me tell you, this is not seen anywhere else in the world.

Economic facts about Varanasi

Economic facts about Varanasi

49.As of 2006, 29% of the population of Varanasi is employed.
50.Sewing silk cloth is the main work. Most of the Muslims are involved in these works.
51.The city is known for its Banarasi sarees.
52.Tourism is another way of earning money.
53.Many people come to see Varanasi, a famous religious place.
54.Most people come from Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.
55.Most of the guests come in October and March.

Festivals & Cultural facts about Varanasi

cultural facts about Varanasi

56.Cremation takes place 24 hours

The Manikarnika Ghat on the banks of the Ganges is the only ghat in India where cremation of dead bodies is done 24 hours a day. According to Hindu customs, cremation is done only during the day. In this case, Manikarnika Ghat is different because bodies are burnt not only during the day but also at night.

57.Even dead bodies have to wait for their turn

Here dead bodies also have to wait for their turn. About two-and-three hundred dead bodies come in the day, and more bodies remain in the cremation line than the ones that are burnt.

58.Lord Vishnu created

Varanasi, Lord vishnu

The Manikarnika Ghat, which falls between the five, pilgrimages are a symbol of creation and demolition. Here is the sacred Manikarnika Kund on one side. It is, said that Lord Vishnu dug it while creating the universe. Also, the ashes of the crematorium are mixed with sandy soil, where life stops. According to the belief of Hindus, Manikarnika Kund is, from the origin of the Ganges on earth, not only this, its end originates in the Himalayas.

59.Many stories are popular

There are two stories associated with this ghat. According to one, Lord Vishnu, while doing penance of Shiva, dug a tank here with his Sudarshan Chakra. His breath came while he was doing penance. When Shiva came there pleased, Manikarnika of Vishnu’s ear fell in that pool.

60.Parvati’s Karnika (Earing) was lost

Varanasi, Parvati

According to the second story, Lord Shiva could not get leave from his devotees. Goddess Parvati got upset by this and to keep Shivji in check, she hid her earrings there and asked Shivji to find her.

61.According to ancient texts

Shivji could not find him, and to this day, whose funeral is done at that ghat, they ask him if he has seen it? According to ancient texts, the lord of the Manikarnika Ghat was the same Chandal who bought the Satyavadi King Harishchandra. He made the king his slave and gave him the task of collecting taxes from the people who had come to the crematorium.

62.This place is also a Shakti Peeth

According to a legend, when Shiva was carrying the body of Sati, wherever the parts of his body fell, there became a Shaktipeeth. According to Kivandati, the gem of the earring of Sati fell on this ghat, which also established it as a Shakti Peetha and named it Manikarnika.

63.The place where attainment of salvation

Varanasi, Manikaran ghat

Lord Shiva is said to have given the blessing of eternal peace to Manikarnika Ghat. People also believe that Lord Vishnu worshiped Lord Shiva for thousands of years and prayed that even during the destruction of the creation, Kashi (formerly called Varanasi) should not be, destroyed. Pleased with the prayers of Shri Vishnu, Lord Shiva came to Kashi with his wife Parvati and fulfilled the wish of Lord Vishnu. Since then it is, believed that by performing the last rites in Varanasi, one attains moksha (that is, one gets rid of the cycle of life and death). Hence there is no doubt that this place is considered the most sacred for cremation among Hindus.

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64.Among the many writers and poets of Varanasi, Tulsidas, Kabirdas, and Ravidas are few.
65.Many newspapers are printed in Varanasi. Like – Varanasi Chandrodaya.
66.Varanasi is an eminent center for pictorial art.
67.The Banarasi sarees, Lakdi toys, glass bangles, brass items, and a lot of handicrafts are very famous and popular.
68.Among the many lyricists and dancers, Bismillah Khan, Ravi Shankar, Girija Devi, and Sitara Devi are a few.
69.It is, said that Lord Shiva developed the art of dancing and singing.
70.The famous and eminent singer Thumri loved to sing.
71.Ravi Shankar was awarded the Bharat Ratna for his art of playing sitar.
72.Mahashivratri is celebrated with great pomp, and show.
73.The Dhrupad fair is a five-day fair.
74.The people of Varanasi also celebrate the Ganges Festival for five days. They celebrate through songs.

Other facts

other facts about Varanasi

75.In the history of Varanasi, this city was also the center of education.
76.80% of the people in Varanasi are, educated.
77.There are many schools and world schools. Some of them are:

  • Banaras Hindu World School
  • Indian Institute of Technology
  • Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth
  • Famous sports are basketball, cricket, and hockey.
  • Gymnastics is also very famous in Varanasi.
  • Diploma courses in sports are conducted.

78.Varanasi has been called Maha crematorium in religious texts.

Varanasi, baba vishwanath

79.Another interesting thing is that there are four main gates in the arena of Baba Vishwanath, Shanti Darwaza, Kala Dwar, Pratishtha Darwaza, and Retreatment Gate. These four gates have a different description in tantra lore. This is the only place in the whole world where Shiva-Shakti is sitting together, and there are tantra gates.

80.The Jyotirlinga in the Garbha Griha is, situated in the northeast and, the main gate of the temple is towards the south. By entering this, devotees have a glimpse of Baba’s Aghor form, as well as freedom from all sins. It is believed that the temple of Baba Vishwanath is sitting on his trident, that is why the Holocaust can never come. It is believed that Baba Vishwanath resides in Kashi as Guru and King. During the day, he visits Kashi as a guru and at nine o’clock at night after his Shringa Arti. This is the reason that Shiva is also called Raj-Rajeshwar. Shivling remained safe even during the invasion.

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81.Aurangzeb had invaded many places in the country during his time and, he also came to destroy the Vishwanath temple in Varanasi. It is believed that the people present in the temple at that time hid it in a well near the temple to protect the Shivling. The remains of that well are, believed to exist near the temple today.

82.The Kashi Vishwanath temple in which a large number of Hindus come to visit, that temple was rebuilt. After the reincarnation, worship of Shiva and Shakti was, started again.

83.Varanasi is known as Banaras also it is an ancient city when Lord Buddha arrived here in 500 BC and is today the oldest and continuously growing city in the world.

Varanasi, shivlingam

84.This Shivalinga, famous worldwide as Baba Vishwanath, is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. It is, said that this temple, established on the banks of the Ganges was, established in 1490.

85.There is a mythological belief that Lord Shiva resides in this city on the banks of the Ganges. Kashi is, located at the tip of his trident. Lord Shiva is the foster and protector of Kashi who protects, the people.

86.Another thing is said about Baba Vishwanath’s city of Kashi, that when the Earth was, created the first ray of the sun was lying on Kashi.

87.This temple was targeted by the invaders several times. The Mughal emperor Akbar ordered the ancient temple to be rebuilt, which was later demolished by Aurangzeb. There he built the mosque, which is known as Gyanvapi Mosque. It is, said that when people came to know that Aurangzeb wanted to break this temple, the Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva was, hidden in a well. The well is, yet located between the temple and the mosque.

88.After that, Rani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore got this ancient temple of Baba Vishwanath revived. Beyond death, time and, period, Lord Shiva again began to be worshiped. Once again, devotees started flocking to see Mahadev, the God of Gods.

89.About Kashi Vishwanath, there is a belief that Shiva himself protects this city. At the end of Kali Yuga, when the Holocaust comes even then, Kashi Vishwanath will not suffer any kind of harm.

90.The history of this temple is thousands of years old. It is, believed that the devotee attains the renewable virtue by having a darshan of the Shivalinga situated in this temple and taking a bath in the Ganges. The name of Adi Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Vivekananda, Shankaracharya, Sant Eknath, Maharishi Dayanand, Goswami Tulsidas is also associated with this temple. All of them also saw Kashi Vishwanath.

91.The present temple of Kashi Vishwanath was, built by Queen Ahilya Bai Holkar in the 18th century. After this, Maharaja Ranjit Singh built gold gates.

92.According to popular legends, the ancient temple of Kashi was, destroyed by Aurangzeb. Later this temple was built again.

93.There is a gold umbrella on the summit of Kashi Vishwanath temple. About this, there is a traditional belief that with the mere sight of this all the wishes of the devotee can be fulfilled.

Varanasi,

94.In Kashi, holy rivers named Varuna, Ganga, and Asi i.e., eighty flows. Due to the flowing of the Varuna and Assi river, this city is also called Varanasi. Both these rivers flow from and go further and join the Ganges River.
Many ghats of Kashi are very famous. These include Dashashwamedh Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, Harishchandra Ghat, and Tulsi Ghat, etc. These ghats have special significance.

95.In the scriptures, the importance of Kashi has been told a lot. Skanda Mahapuran, one of the 18 Puranas, has a chapter in the name of Kashikhand. It is considered one of the ancient Sapta Puris. It has twelve famous names.

96.These names are as follows – Kashi, Varanasi, Avimukta Kshetra, Anandakanan, Mahashmashan, Rudravas, Kashika, Tapasthali, Muktibhoomi, Shivpuri, Tripurari Raj Nagri, and Vishwanath Nagari.

97.Kashi is mentioned in Mahabharata. King Kashiraj had three daughters. Amba, Ambalika and Ambika. When he was about to become a Swayamvar, Bhishma kidnapped these girls. In the Mahabharata war, Kashiraj sided with the Pandavas.

Kashi

98.Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is also related to Kashi. During the Buddhist period, the Kashi kingdom used to come to Kosal district. The princess of Kosala was married to Magadharaj Bimbisara. In this marriage, Kashi was, given as a dowry. Gautama Buddha gave his 1st sermon at Sarnath, near Varanasi.

99.Before taking the oath of Prime Minister for the second time, Narendra Modi reached Kashi Vishwanath Temple and reaped blessings of nation peace from Lord Vishwanath.

100.The Kashi Vishwanath temple is divided, into two parts, on which the mother Bhagwati is seated on the right side and, Lord Shiva is seated on the other side.

101.Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the famous Hindu temples in the world, and the main icon of this temple is named Vishwanath, which means the ruler of the universe.

102.The Shiva lingam is divided into two parts in Kashi Vishwanath Temple because this temple is called the abode of liberation.

103.At the time when the gods are adorned in the temple, the direction of the idols is, facing west and the form of Shiva and Shakti sitting together and, it looks astonishing.

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104.The temple has a dome at the summit in the womb of the temple in which the Sri Yantra is installed and is, considered to be a very suitable and prominent place for Sri Yantra Tantra Sadhana.

105.The four main gates of Kashi Vishwanath Temple are very unusual in terms of Kala Dwar, Shanti Dwar, Pratishtha Dwar, and Nivitti Dwar Tantra.

106.It is, said that this temple is a special place where the form of Lord Shiva and Shakti is not present anywhere else in the whole world.

107.The main gate of Kashi Vishwanath temple is towards, the south and Baba Vishwanath is facing towards Aghor, due to which it is, said that visiting this temple eliminates sin.

108.Devadeepavali, a unique festival of Banaras

Varanasi, Dev deep

The style of celebrating and decorating the festive festivities of the city of Benares is also different. If you want to understand and know it, then come out on the banks of the Ganges on the evening of Kartik Purnima. And enjoy the ongoing festival. Take a dip in the Jyoti Ganga and embrace the stars who came to the ground to see the divine vision of devotion and devotion.

109.In fact, in the Indian Sanatan Samaj, the festival of festivals and festivities opens with a rath yatra in Jeth, which gives the appearance of a bouquet of festivals in the month of Kartik dedicated to Srihari. The color of this month looks somewhat different in the city of Mahadev. For the whole month, bathing, bathing, and celebrating everything, in the name of Srihari, decorates Harihar on Baikuntha Chaturdashi with ‘Basil Patra in Hari Charan,’ and basil on the forehead.

110.On the full moon day on the last day of Kartik, the festival of festivals with water festival stops, and Makar Sankranti is, awaited. The public mind celebrates this special occasion with a great mood. There is also a legend behind it that Lord Shiva killed, the demon of Tripura, and the gods celebrated Devdeepavali in glee.

Basic facts about Varanasi

basic facts about Varanasi

111.Varanasi is also known as Banaras and Kashi.
112.This city is on the banks of river Ganges.
113.It is, considered to be a very influential religious city.
114.Hindu, Jain, and Buddhism prevail.
115.The main languages ​​of Varanasi are Banarasi and Bhojpuri.
116.The city is also a major industrial center of India.
117.Gautama Buddha gave his first teachings in this city.
118.Akhbar built two large temples in this city, in memory of Vishnu and Shiva.
119.Varanasi has also been the cultural center of North India.

General facts about Varansi

General facts about Varanasi

Country – India
State- Uttar Pradesh
Location- Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (India)
Construction – 1780 AD
Nirmita – Queen Ahilya Bai Holkar
Architecture – Hindu Architecture
Nickname- Shri Kashi Vishwanath, Vishweshwar
Dedicated to the Hindu deity Shiva
Type – Religious Place, Temple
Major Festivals – Maha Shivaratri

Famous Places in Varanasi

Famous places in Varanasi

Jantar Mantar – It was built in 1737. Apart from Varanasi, it is in other cities.
Ramnagar Fort – It is built on the east bank of the Ganges, and just opposite the Tulsi Ghat. It was built in the eighteenth century by the King of Kashi King Balwant Singh. Many courtyards have been, built in this fort.
Jain Ghat – Varanasi is said to be the birthplace of Lord Souparshvanath and Parshvanath. Three Jain temples have been, built on this ghat. It is said that Jain Maharajas used to call this ghat as their own.
Dashashwamedh Ghat – This is the central and oldest ghat in Varanasi. It is, said that Brahma built this ghat for Shiva.

Famous temple in Varanasi

Nepali Temple

Varanasi, Nepali temple

The Nepali temple built by King Ram Bahadur in, the 19th century is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is, made of wood, hence it is also called ‘Kanthawala Temple, Kantha means wood. This temple is built in Nepali architecture using terracotta, wood, and stone. This composition reflects the exquisite craftsmanship of Nepali artisans. Hence it is one of the few unique temples of Varanasi.

Kashi Vishwanath Temple

Kashi Vishwanath Temple, one of the ancient temples of Varanasi, is dedicated to Lord Shiva, which is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. This temple has been located in Varanasi for many thousands of years. Kashi Vishwanath Temple has an unusual place in Hinduism. It is believed that one can get salvation by visiting this temple and taking a bath in the holy Ganges.

Durga Temple

Varanasi, durga temple

The Durga temple was, built by the Bengali queen in the 18th century. A pond is, located near the temple which was, once connected to the Ganges. According to the belief, the idol placed in the temple is, not made by humans, but rather the idol itself was, revealed which came to protect the people from evil forces. Thousands of devotees visit the temple during Navratri and other festivals.

  • Kashi Vishwanath Temple
  • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
  • Parshwanath Jain Temple

Famous Mosque in Varanasi

Varanasi, mosoque

  • Abdul Razzaq
  • Alamgir
  • Bibi Razia
  • Chowkhamba

History of Varansi

History of Varanasi

Varanasi i.e, Kashi is, mentioned in the Upanishads and Puranas. The word Kashi originated from the word ‘Kas,’ which means brightness. There is evidence that the Kashi Vishwanath temple was, established in 1490.  The city of Kashi has witnessed the rule of many famous and majestic kings. Some of us may have known that Buddhist rulers also ruled for a short time in Kashi. This spiritual city situated on the banks of river Ganges has not only seen its height, but many stories of injustice, tyranny, and destruction are also attached to it.

The temple of Kashi Vishwanath suffered many attacks. The Mughal rulers also played an important role in destroying this beautiful temple. The original temple of Kashi Vishwanath, which was destroyed by the Mughals, was rebuilt. It is the immense strength, spontaneity, and courage of this city that it has withstood every attack and has maintained its existence.

How to reach Varansi

How to reach Varanasi

How to reach By air

Babatpur Airport (Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport) is located at a distance of 25 km from the city center and by air from the national and international cities of Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkata, Khajuraho, Bangkok, Bangalore, Colombo, and Kathmandu, etc. joined.

How to reach By train

There are two main railway stations within the boundary of Varanasi Junction under the Northern Railway and Mughalsarai Junction City under East Central Railway. Apart from these, there are 16 other small and big railway stations in the city.

How to reach by road

The NH-2 Delhi-Kolkata Highway originates from Varanasi Nagar. Also, NH-7, which is the longest highway in India, connects Varanasi to Jabalpur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Madurai, and Kanyakumari.

Find Varanasi On Google Map

If you know any new things about Varansi, then definitely tell through the comments so that other people can read, thanks.

Aparna Patel

Hello,My name is Aparna Patel,I’m a Travel Blogger and Photographer who travel the world full-time with my hubby.I like to share my travel experience.

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