Historical Facts | Interesting and fun facts about Bihar

Historical Facts | Interesting and fun facts about Bihar

Are you looking for lesser-known facts about Patna? Here is a collection of interesting and fun facts about Patna  which You’ve Never Heard Before as well as you can also read general information about Patna  such as about culture, history, government rule, etc. Patna, which is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. Patna was founded by the Ajatashatru. Patna has a historical significance in India and is also the best city in terms of tourism. In this post, I am going to tell you some amazing and interesting facts about Patna.

Patna, bihar

22 March Bihar Day. Patna, which is the capital of Bihar, but do you know that Aryabhatta, Panini, Chanakya, Kalidas were all from Patna? Those who are considered famous in the field of knowledge in Indian history. Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, is the third most populous state in the country and the 13th largest state by area.  The state is spread over an area of ​​695 km from north to south while its width is 483 km, from east to west. Bihar is surrounded by Nepal in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the west, Jharkhand in the south and, West Bengal in the east. Like other states of India, about three-fourth of the population of the state is dependent on agriculture and animal husbandry business. On November 15, 2000, a new state of Jharkhand will be, carved out of South Bihar.

Only 11.3 percent of Bihar’s population lives in cities, which is the lowest after Himachal Pradesh. Ancient Bihar was a great center of education. The Maurya and Gupta dynasty ruled this area for a long time. In the 70s, Bihar lagged economically and socially compared to other states of India. However, due to the government’s plans and industries, Bihar is on the path of development.

Amazing Famous Facts About Patna For Tourists and Kids

patna, Chota nagpur plateau

1. Graduates of Bihar

If comparing Bihar with Andhra Pradesh and Kerala at the combined level, today the graduation percentage in Bihar is higher than these two states.


Today, several IAS and IPS are coming out of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra and Gujarat in Bihar.

3. Bihar growth rate

Bihar’s growth rate today is 14.48 percent, which proves that Bihar is one of the fastest-growing states in the country.

4. IIT

Even at the engineering level, the number of IITs coming out of Bihar is more than in other states.

5.Crime in Bihar

Talking at the criminal level, the continuous crime record in other states seems to be breaking while the crime rate of Bihar is a crime scene compared to Delhi.

6. Sectarian Violence

The communal violence in Bihar is less than in other states. Compared to Gujarat itself, the average number of people who died due to communal violence in Bihar is 175 people who died due to communal violence in Gujarat.

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7. Rape

In Bihar, crimes like rape, dowry murder are much less than in other states.

8. Control of Naxalites

The Bihar government has controlled Naxalite violence in the last 7 years. The number of people who died in Naxal violence is less than Andhra Pradesh.

9. Kerala competes in terms of literacy

Bihar is battling against the educational level of Kerala at the educational level. Preferably, it would not be unfair to say that the number of literate people in Bihar is more than the people of Kerala.

10. More capable than Punjab

If we talk about the agriculture sector, Bihar’s production capacity is more than Punjab.

11. Farmers do not commit suicide in Bihar

Today, the news of farmer suicides has become very common, but Bihar is a state where no farmer is so strong that he has to commit suicide.

12. Graduate women

patna, Nalanda university

The number of undergraduate women in Bihar is more than Kerala.

13. Birthplace of Rajendra Babu

Bihar is the state where poet Kokil Vidyapati was born from where the country’s first President Rajendra Prasad was born.

14. Quit India movement in Bihar

Bihar is the state that played an important role in the Quit India Movement at the time of independence.

15. Champaran Rebellion

Bihar is the state where the revolt of Champaran is a valuable event from a historical point of view.

16. Buddha’s Tapho-Bhoomi

Bihar is the Taphobhoomi of Buddha, the place where Buddhism and Jainism emerged.

17. Meeting of Sita-Ram

Bihar is the place where Sita-Ram met, where Sita was born.

18. There are rivers in Bihar

Bihar is the place where Ganga, Bagmati, Koshi, Kamla, Gandak, Ghaghra, Son, Punpun, Phalgu, Kiul rivers flow.

19. All languages

Bihar is full of languages. Angika, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili, and Vajijaka. All these languages ​​are from Bihar only. English, Hindi, and Maithili are official languages.

20. Centuries-old Mithila painting

Mithila painting, whose existence is almost hundreds of years old from today and is renowned as a famous painting in the country and abroad.

21. Ram-Laxman did his studies

Bihar is a state with ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila. Where Vishwamitra’s ashram was, where the early education of Rama-Laxman, was completed.

22. Bihar in Time magazine

Bihar’s coaching center Super 30 has been included in the list of best institutions by Time magazine of America.

23. Maithili Language

patna, mithali painting

More than 33 percent of the population is Maithili speakers. About 16 districts of Bihar come under Mithilanchal.

24. Naming Patna

It is said that earlier, it was called Pataliputra, then Sher Shahsuri ruled Patna and named it Patna after the goddess Patni.

25. Store of knowledge

The birthplace and workplace of Chanakya, Aryabhatta, Kalidas, Panini, and Vatsyanan also remained Patna.

26. Country’s highest IAS

A large number of people who have passed the country’s highest IAS exam are from Bihar Patna only. Many ISs of the country are only from Patna.

27. Contribute to freedom

Patna had a special contribution to the independence of India, the Champaran movement for indigo cultivation and Quit India movement started from Patna itself.

28. World’s longest road bridge

Patna largest road bridge

The longest road bridge in the world is located in Patna, which is 5575 meters long, it is known as Mahatma Gandhi Setu.

29. Decreased fetal death

You will be surprised to know that Patna has far fewer fetal deaths than many modern areas of the country.

30. Litti-Chokha taste

Litti-Chokha’s taste of some street food stalls in Patna, Bihar, has spread abroad. It is very pleasing to foreign tourists.

31. Country’s only national inland sailing institute

India’s only National Inland Boating Institute is located at Gaighat in Patna city.

32. A city with four rivers

Four rivers, pass through Patna – Ganga, Sone, Gandak and Punpun rivers.

33. Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s workplace

Sadakat Ashram, located in Patna, is the workplace of our Deshratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad. It has now been made a tourist destination.

34. Khichdi banquet on Saturday

Khichdi is often made in the local houses of Patna on Saturday. With which pickles, papad, curd, and ghee are also eaten.

35. Largest city after Kolkata

Talking about eastern India, Patna is the second-largest city after Kolkata.

36. Social and Cultural Facts about Bihar

Patna tour

  • Many festivals are celebrated in the state of Bihar. The residents of the place have a deep faith in the Chhath Puja festival. It is celebrated twice a year (Chaitra and Karthik). People of Bihar living in other states also celebrate with great pomp.
  • Bihula is also one of the major festivals which is quite famous in the Bhagalpur region.
  • In other festivals, Basant Panchami, Shivaratri, Rakshabandhan, Holi, Durga Puja, Deepawali, etc. are celebrated.
  • Those who believe in Muslim and Christian religions also celebrate Eid, Eiduljuha, and Christmas.
    Seraikella Chhau is the main folk dance.
  • The animal fair of Sonepur is very famous, where elephant horses, are bought from the era of Chandragupta Maurya.

37. Some historical facts

patna kaisariya stoop

  • Patna was founded by the Raja of Magadha, in 490 BC.
  • In ancient times, Patna was, known as Pataliputra.
  • It is a historic city which is richly populated till date.
  • Megasthenes wrote about the city in his book, India.
  • The 10th and last Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, was born.
  • There is a Takht Sri Harmandir in Patna, which is a sacred shrine.
  • The town has been an integral part of the Hariyanka, Nanda, Maurya, Shunga, Gupta, Pala kingdoms.
  • The population of Patna was around 4 lakhs during the Mauryan period.
  • The Chinese philosopher Fa Hien named the city as ‘Pa-lin-fau’.
  • It is believed that the Putraka king created the city with magic for his wife Patali when the queen gave birth to a son.
  • From this, its name was Patali + Putra = Pataliputra.
  • It is, believed that ‘Patali’ is a tree species, which is found only in Patna. It got its name only.

38. Bihar is, an intense center of the ancient civilization of India, the state has been, related to Chandragupta Maurya and Emperor Ashoka.
39. There were 19 thousand Buddhist Bihars in Magadha at the time of Emperor Ashoka. For that reason, it is called Bihar.
40. There are many places related to Lord Mahavira and Buddha.
41. In the 12th century, along with Muhammad bin Khilji’s invasion, Nalanda and Taxila were, destroyed and thousands of Buddhist monks were, killed.
42. The tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, Govind Singh was born in Patna.
43. Vardhman Mahavir, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in Kundalpur village in Patna district.
44. The capital of the mighty Magadha Empire of ancient India was Pataliputra (Patna).
45. Sher Shah Suri established the city of Patna on the ancient land of Pataliputra.
46. On 12 December 1911, the provision of United Bihar and Orissa was, changed and Bihar was made a separate state in 1936.
47. The present form of Bihar came into existence on 01 November 1956.
48. Jharkhand was made a separate province in 2000.

patna eco park

49. The ancient cities of Vaishali are considered to be the first republic of the world, which is located in Bihar.
50. Bihar has the worst economy among all states of India, according to the 2014 report, Bihar was the lowest in the economy and also the poorest state in India.
51. On 1 April 1936, a part of Bihar was carved out and Orissa became a new state, then in November 2000 a part of this state was separated and Jharkhand became a new state.
52. Animal fair of Sonepur in Bihar is famous worldwide since ancient times which is held on Kartik Purnima. The old king Maharaja used to buy elephants, horses for the war from this fair.
53. Aryabhata, who invented “Zero (0)”, one of the biggest inventions in history, was from Bihar.
54. Bihar was the capital state of the Maurya emperors. This kingdom was known as Magadha at the time of the Maurya Empire.
55. After the Battle of Buxar of 1764, the Ishtar India Company got the right to collect tax in Bihar, Bengal and Orissa.
56. Many popular Bollywood actors are from Bihar, including Priyanka Chopra, R Madhavan, Susan Singh Rajput, Imtiaz Ali, Neeraj Pandey, Prakash Jaha.
57. The famous Bismilah Khan, who plays the clarinet, is also from Bihar, who was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2001.

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58. Nalanda and Vikramashila, the ancient universities of Indian culture, were on the soil of Bihar, where Maryada Purushottam Ram and Laxman were educated.
59. In 2014, the Bihar government created the world’s largest WiFi zone in Bihar’s capital Patna and is 20 km long.
60. 2600 years ago, Lord Mahavira and Lord Buddha preached the land of Bihar as the land of non-violence and two religions originated on the same land which is Buddhism and Jainism.
61. Among all the states of India, Bihar has the highest number of young people. 58% of Bihari youth are below 25 years of age.
62. Boudhgaya is the focal point of Buddhist pilgrims, with a Bodhi tree and an ancient temple where Lord Buddha attained learning.
63. The good thing is that the number of doctors who have won the most gold medals in India is also in Bihar.
64. The Guru of Chandra Gupta Maurya and Guru Chanakya who founded the Maurya Empire were also from the same earth who were very skilled strategists.

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The geographical location of Bihar

Bihar is bounded on the east by West Bengal, on the west by Uttar Pradesh, on the south by Jharkhand and the north by Nepal. According to, the conditions of Bihar, it is divided into three natural units, the Terai region, Plain area, and Chota Nagpur Plateau.

Terai region

It is a part of the Shivalik range, of the Himalayan mountain range, it is located in the northern part of West Champaran district, in an area 32 km long, and 6.8 km wide. The region is parallel to the Indo-Nepal border from northwest to southeast. That mountain region is made up of two ranges, namely Sumershwar and Doon, which are separated by the river Hurda.

Plain area

The plain area of Bihar is spread over, about 42 percent of the total area of ​​the state. The contour line of 150 km in the south and the Indo-Nepal international border demarcate the Terai region in the north.

Chhota Nagpur Plateau

Just south of the plains of Bihar, a 150-meter contour line begins, except for the Kaimur Hills of Rohtas, the entire area comes under the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a part of peninsular India extending towards North-Eastern India. The rocks here are considered the pre-Cambrian era. The Ghats in the west and the Rajmahal Hills in the east are the results of volcanic lava deposition. In Bihar, there are other major rivers including Ganga, Son, Bagmati, Gandak, Kosi, Ghaghra, Mahanadi and Damodar.

The economic condition of Bihar

Bihar ranks among the poorest states in India in terms of economy. Other crops, including rice, wheat, sugarcane, barley, millet, jute, and gram, are produced, in Bihar.
Industries include iron steel, aluminum, copper, zinc, engineering, chemicals, motor vehicles, cotton textiles, sugar, silk, jute, tobacco-fertilizer, oil refineries, coal industries.
Minerals include iron ore, manganese, coal, chromium, uranium, vanadium, bauxite, copper, gold, tin, lead, thorium, sugar, felspar, graphite, Soapstone, soapie, mica, the stone, is chosen, dolomite, kyanite, asbestos minerals, are found. Asbestos has the highest production of 54.8 percent in the country and 34.8 percent of coal.

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Transportation Facts of Bihar

There are about 76065 km long roads in the state, out of which about 3537 km are national highways and 17898 km are provincial highways. The largest river bridge is Gandhi Setu. The airports are at Patna and Bihta. The length of the waterway is 900 miles.

Tourist places in Bihar


The credit for establishing the city goes to Sher Shah Suri, who defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
The city was also known as Pataliputra. Apart from many cultural sites, there are also sights of the modern era.
Gandhi Museum dedicated, to Mahatma Gandhi is a center of attraction for the indigenous foreign tourists.
Here is a collection of all the rare items related to Gandhiji’s philosophy of life.

Golghar in Patna is about 214 years old.

Patna, golghar

The circular marvelous edifice built without any pillar was built, for food collection.
Kumhrar, which is a house building with eighty pillars. These pillars were, made by cutting from the same stone, it is also worth seeing. Other scenic spots include Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park, Shaheed Smarak, Mitanghat Dargah Sharif, Bankipur Club, Mauryalok, etc. There is also a Khuda Baksh library where 18 thousand manuscripts are preserved. This Pandulipia is in Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Turkish and Pashtu languages, in which knowledge of medicine, art, science, mathematics, astronomy, etc. is hidden.


Gaya was an integral part of the Magadha Empire in ancient times.
Historically, religiously and culturally, Gaya has special significance. There are many important tours to visit here. The secret of Gaya’s beauty is a series of mountains around it. There are many ponds in Gaya which make it beautiful but Suryakund has a special place. That is the oldest lake in Magadha. The Vishnupad temple is situated on the banks of the river Phalgu. The temple has a 13-inch step sign of Lord Vishnu. Apart from that, there are also Sitakund, Kavali Devi Temple and Matriyoni Cave, etc.

Bodh Gaya

patna, bodh gaya

Bodhgaya is an international tourist destination on the banks of the Niranjana River. The place is a famous Buddhist shrine, with a delightful mountainous terrain, serene riverside rivers, dense lakes, a well-tended lake, dense forest, park, etc.

Mahabodhi Temple

patna, mahabohi temple

Mahabodhi Temple is unique and unique compared to other temples in North India. The Bodhi tree is adjacent to the east of Vajrasana. The temple is 170 feet high, elaborately pagodanuma. The tree under which Mahatma Buddha had attained enlightenment is also the Bodhi tree, which people come to see from far and wide. Among other sightseeing places here is the tree of Azpal, supernatural tree, Munchalind Sarovar, Ashok Pilar, and Manoti Island center.

General facts about Patna

  • Counry- India
  • State- Bihar
  • Division- Patna
  • District- Patna
  • Area – 94,163 sq km
  • Population – 10,38,04,637 (2011 Census) Third place in the country
  • Population density – 102 people per sq km
  • Sex ratio – 918 females per 1000 males
  • Literacy Rate – 63.82%
  • Capital – Patna
  • Total District – 38
  • Founded by- Ajatsatru
  • Chief Minister – Nitish Kumar (JDU)
  • Governor – Lalji Tandon
  • Number of Assembly Seats – 243
  • Number of Lok Sabha seats – 40
  • Number of Rajya Sabha Seeto – 16
  • First Chief Minister – Krishna Singh
  • First Governor – James Sifton
  • State Cattle
  • State Party – Sparrow
  • State Flower – Marigold
  • State tree – Peepal
  • State Day – 01 April
  • State language – Hindi, Urdu

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Find patna On Google Map

If you are planning to roam Patna, you must visit Bodh Gaya, Mahabodhi Temple, Gaya, Patna etc. If you know any new things about Patna, then definitely tell through the comments so that other people can read, thanks.

About me

Hello,My name is Aparna Patel,I’m a Travel Blogger and Photographer who travel the world full-time with my hubby.I like to share my travel experience.

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